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Lecturer Psychology Mcqs Paper

Lecturer Psychology Mcqs Paper

Lecturer  Psychology Mcqs Paper

1-Psychology may best be described as the scientific study of _______ and ______.
a. Mental states, physical states
b. Thoughts, emotions
c. Behavior, mental processes
d. Mental health, mental illness
e. None of these2-Freud believed that adult problems usually:
a. Result in Freudian slip
b. Result in bad dreams
c. Can be traced back to critical stage during childhood
d. Are the result of poor behavior
e. None of these

3-Gestalt theory emphasizes:
a. A flow of consciousness
b. The atoms of thought
c. Environmental stimuli
d. Our tendency to see pattern
e. None of these

4-whereas the _______ asked what happens when an organism does something; the _____ asked how and why.
a. Functionalist, behaviorist
b. structuralist, introspectionist
c. structuralist, functionalist
d. Functionalist, structuralist
e. None of these

5-the _____ lobe is to hearing as the occipital lobe is to vision.
a. Frontal
b. Temporal
c. Parietal
d. cerebeller
e. None of these

6-reflexes are usually controlled by the:
a. Medulla
b. Frontal lobe
c. Spinal cord
d. Hypothalamus
e. None of these

7- a part of the brain that sends signals “alert” to higher centers of the brain in response to incoming messages is:
a. Limbic system
b. Reticular formation
c. amygdala
d. Hippocampus
e. None of these

8-perception of the brightness of a color in affected mainly by:
a. The amplitude of light waves
b. The wavelength of light waves
c. The purity of light waves
d. The saturation of light waves
e. None of these

9-which of the following is not a clue for depth perception?
a. Interposition
b. Orientation
c. Linear perspective
d. Reduced clarity
e. None of these

10-psychophysics is the study of:
a. Perceptual illness
b. The psychological perception oh physical stimuli
c. Depth perception
d. Movement perception
e. None of these

11-perceptual constancies are
a. Illusion in which we perceive something that does not correspond to the sensory information
b. Confusing to an individual rather than helping him determine what really exists
c. Likely inborn and not subject to leaning
d. An aid in perceiving a stable and consistent world
e. None of these

12-which of the following is a subdivision of the autonomic nervous system?
a. Both the sympathetic and Para-sympathetic nervous system
b. Only sympathetic nervous system
c. Only the parasympathetic nervous system
d. Brain and spinal cord
e. None of these

13-any stimulus that follows a behavior and increases the likelihood that the behavior will be repeated is called a:
a. Cue
b. Situational stimulus
c. reinforcer
d. Punisher
e. None of these

14-Conditioned response may be eliminated by withdrawing reinforcement. This is known as:
a. Stimulus generalization
b. Extinction
c. Discrimination
d. Spontaneous recovery
e. None of these

15- the ability to learn by observing a model or receiving instructions, without reinforcement, is called_____
a. Cognitive learning
b. Contingency
c. Social learning
d. Instrumental learning
e. None of these

16-analysis of avoidance learning suggest that many phobias are acquired through ______ conditioning.
a. Classical
b. Operant
c. Reinforcement
d. Intermittent
e. None of these

17-the James-Lange or body reaction theory of emotion says
a. You feel emotion then a bodily reaction
b. You react with your body first then you feel emotion
c. The somatic nervous system is the seat of emotion
d. Emotions and visceral reactions are simultaneous
e. None of these

18-the frustration-aggression hypothesis;
a. Assume that aggression is basic instinct
b. Claims that frustration and aggression are both instinctive
c. Assumes that frustration produces aggression
d. Was developed by social learning theorist
e. None of these

19-in Freud’s theory of personality
a. The ego obeys the reality principle
b. The id operates by secondary process
c. The superego obeys the pleasure principle
d. The ego operates by primary process thinking
e. None of these

20-which of the following approaches to personality is least deterministic?
a. The humanistic approach
b. The psychoanalytic approach
c. The social learning approach
d. The behavioral approach
e. None of these

 

1-The child’s increasing skill at using his muscles is due chiefly to:
a. Maturation
b. Learning
c. Pushing by parents
d. An opportunity to exercise
e. None of these

2-The stage of prenatal development during which the developing organism is most vulnerable to injury is the:
a. Zygotic stage
b. Germinal stage
c. Fetal stage
d. Embryonic stage
e. None of these

3-Which of the following is part of the psychosocial domain?
a. Motor skills
b. Memory
c. Judgment
d. Style of behaving
e. None of these

4-It would be more accurate to say that maturation:
a. Can be delayed by illness or poor nutrition
b. Is dramatically accelerated by good nutrition
c. Is greatly accelerated by good health care and delayed by illness
d. Is not affected by any environmental factors because it is genetic
e. None of these

5-The first two weeks of life are referred to as:
a. The period of infancy
b. The preoperational stage
c. Early childhood
d. The neonatal period
e. None of these

6-An individual becomes a member of social group through the process of:
a. Aging
b. Socialization
c. Learning
d. Maturation
e. None of these

7-When a researcher tests several groups of people at the same time each group at a different age, he is conducting a(n) ______ study.
a. Observational
b. Longitudinal
c. Cross-sectional
d. Sequential
e. None of these

8-Piaget’s stage for infancy is:
a. Concrete operations
b. Formal operation
c. Preoperational thought
d. Sensory motor thoughts
e. None of these

9-Job satisfaction is enhanced by tasks that are:
a. Challenging but not overwhelming
b. Very easy to accomplish
c. Overwhelming and rewarding
d. Unrelated to one’s personal needs
e. None of these

10-Basic characteristics of tasks that result in social loafing is that they are:
a. Additive
b. Subtractive
c. Multiplicative
d. Negative
e. None of these

11-The process by which a trained professional uses psychological methods to help people with psychological problem is known as:
a. Psychiatry
b. Psychoanalysis
c. Psychotherapy
d. Psychosurgery
e. None of these

12-Albert Ellis and Aron Beck are names associated with the ____ therapy approach.
a. Gestalt
b. Cognitive
c. Behavioral
d. Phenomenological
e. None of these

13-An affective disorder in which a person swings from one mood extreme to another is classified as:
a. Manic
b. Depressive
c. Unipolar
d. Bipolar
e. None of these

14-The leading cause of mental retardation is believed to be:
a. Fetal alcohol syndrome
b. Organic brain syndrome
c. Environmental factors
d. Inherited traits
e. None of these

15-People who consistently come up with _____ explanations of events are more prone to depression.
a. Overly optimistic
b. Pessimistic
c. Delusional
d. dysthemic
e. None of these

16-According to Piaget the process of building mental representation of the world through direct interaction with it is:
a. Adaptation
b. Egocentrism
c. metacognition
d. Conservation
e. None of these

17-Intelligence can be defined as:
a. Knowledge of a great many facts
b. The ability to get good grades in school
c. The ability to think abstractly and learn from experience
d. All the factors that make one person different from another
e. None of these

18-When people are _____ they have lost touch with reality.
a. Manic
b. Neurotic
c. Psychotic
d. Psychopathic
e. None of these

19-Which of the following clinical procedures are based, in part on classical conditioning?
a. Transference
b. Systematic desensitization
c. Token economy
d. Two chair technique
e. None of these

20-Illnesses that seem to result from an interaction of physical and psychological factors are called:
a. Hysterical
b. Psychosomatic
c. Somatic
d. Conversion disorder
e. None of these

 

Lecturer Psychology Mcqs Paper

Updated: April 19, 2014 — 5:35 am

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