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Economics Mcqs Test

Economics Mcqs Test
1. Income elasticity of demand for an inferior good is:
a) Positive
b) Zero
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these

2. Convexity means averages are ______________ than extremes:
a) Worse
b) Positive
c) Better
d) None of these

3. Sum of MPC and MPS equals:
a) 2
b) 3
c) 4
d) None of these

4. During the Liquidity Trap, LM curve is:
a0 Less elastic
b) Positive
c) Perfectly elastic
d) None of these

5. The dominant factor of production is:
a) Energy
b) Labour
c) Technology
d) None of these

6. GDP deflator is a ratio between:
a) Input prices
b) Output prices
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these

7. During monopoly, the equilibrium condition is:
a) MC= P
b) MC> MR
c) MC = MR
d) None of these

8. During Perfect compitition, the firm would earn a normal profit when:
a) AC > AR
b) AR = AC
c) P= MP
d) None of these

9. Roy’s identity is applied on:
a) Food
b) Bread
c) Utility
d) None of these

10) The following is the narrowest measure of supply of money:
a) M2
b) M3
c) M1
d) None of these

11) A positive externality in which a consumer wishes to posses a good in part because others do:
a) Supply
b) Concavity
c) Money demand
d) None of these

12) The Profit function is of:
a) Homegenious of degree = 1
b) Homegenious of degree = 2
c) Homegenious of degree = 0
d) None of these

13) The derative of cost function with respect to output price provides:
a) Input supply function
b) Output supply function
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these

14. A strategy that is optimal, no matter what an opponent does:
a) Dominant firm
b) Duopoly
c) Dominant strategy
d) None of these

15. A devaluation of a currency takes place under:
a) Flexible exchange rate
b) Fixed exchange rate
c) Clean Floating system
d) None of these

16. Nominal interest rate is:
a) Inflation minus Tax
b) Tax plus indirect Tax
c) Real intrest rate minus Inflation
d) None of these

17. An un- anticipated increase in money supply is neutral during:
a) Short run period
b) Medium run period
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these

18. A rise in general price level shifts the LM curve:
a) Down and to the right
b) Up and to the left
c) Positively sloped
d) None of these

19. Decrease in Tax shifts the IS curve:
a) Down and to the left
b) Negatively sloped
c) Up and to the right
d) None of these

20. Gross National Product is:
a) GDP – NNP
b) NFA – GNI
c) GDP – NX
d) None of these
1. Foreign aid comprises of:
a) Grants
b) Loans
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these

2. Per capita income of Pakistan during the fiscal year 2011-12 was:
a) $ 1258
b) $ 1372
c) $ 1025
d) $ 1050
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these

3. The GINI coefficient is measures of:
a) Inequality
b) Poverty
c) Growth
d) Development
e) None of these

4. During the last decade income inequality in rural areas of Pakistan has:
a) Increased
b) Decreased
Remained unchanged
d) None of these

5. The share of agriculture in GDP is:
a) 21%
b) 10%
c) 12%
d) 17%
e) None of these

6. During 1970’s the planning was concerned to:
a) Industrial Planning
b) Export Promotion
c) Import Substitution
d) Structural Planning
e) None of these

7. National Saving as a percent of GDP during 2011-2012 was:
a) 10.7
b) 13.1
c) 9.5
d) 8.8
e) None of these

8. The growth rate of manufacture sector during 2011-12 was:
a) 1.7%
b) 4.1%
c) 5.2%
d) 3.6%
e) None of these

9. The best measure of economic development among following is:
a) NNP
b) HDI
c) GDP
d) All of these
e) None of these

10. The main objective of Monetary or fiscal policy is:
a) Economic stabilization
b) Efficiency
c) Both (a) & (b)
d) None of these

11. Direct taxes during 2011-12 was:
a) 37%
b) 63%
c) 15%
d) None of these

12. Public debt as a percent of GDP for 2011-12 was:
a) 58%
b) 65%
c) 50%
d) 45%
e) None of these

13. Govt. of Pakistan borrows from:
a) Internal sources
b) External sources
c) Pakistani banks
d) All of these
e) None of these

14. Growth rate of agriculture sector during 2011-12 was:
a) 3.1%
b) 5.4%
c) 2.9%
d) 2.1%
e) None of these

15. Nationalization of industries took place during the regime of:
a) Z.A Bhutto
b) Zia ul Haq
c) Ayub Khan
d) None of these

16. Development economics is concerned with:
a) Efficiency allocation of scare resources
b) Economic, social and political institutions
c) Imperfect resources and commodity markets
d) (a) and (b) only
e) None of these

17. The last land reforms in Pakistan were introduced in:
a) 1972
b) 1977
c) 1981
d) 1958
e) None of these

18. IMP advances loan for:
a) Construction
b) Balance of payment
c) Travelling
d) None of these

19.. Sixth five year plan covers the period:
a) 1965-70
b) 1960-65
c) 1988-93
d) 1983-88
e) None of these

20. The unemployment rate in Pakistan during 2010-11 was:
a) 7%
b) 5%
c) 3%
d) 6%
e) None of these

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