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6. Practical English Usage Swan (OUP)
7. English Idioms McMordie
8. Mastering Modern English Etherton
1. Exploring life Sciences Turber, Kilburn
& Howell
2. —Exploring Physical Science Turber, Kilburn
& Howell
3. Guide to Science Isaac Asimov
4. Science Restated Cassidy
5. Principles of Animal Biology Khan, M. Rafiq
N.B.—”The topics mentioned under each subject are only indicative
and not exhaustive of the field covered by that subject. A candidate should
study the whole subject with the help of relevant books. Some of the reading
materials have been suggested for each subject for the guidance of the
Note :— Candidates opting languages will be asked to answer some
questions in the language concerned and will be expected to have
knowledge of the Principal Authors, both Classical and
Contemporary and to be able to compose in the language and
translate from it into English and vice versa.
Total Marks—300
Total Marks—100
1. Introduction
Candidates will be required to write one or more essays in English. A
wide choice of subject will be given.
Total Marks—100
The examination will be based upon a paper carrying 100 marks and
will be geared to test the candidates’ ability to handle grammatical structure,
reading comprehension and analysis,and precis writing and composition.
The candidates should be capable of :
(a) Using English correctly and efficiently as a vehicle of
(b) Reading, comprehending and analyzing advanced texts.
Grammar and Vocabulary
The candidate’s ability to handle the structure of English will be
tested by framing items based upon grammatical categories that usually
create problems for foreign students.
There shall be no prescribed course for this purpose.
Reading Comprehension and Analysis
Two unseen passages shall be given with a fixed reading time and
multiple choice questions would be placed at the end to be answered. The
passage for comprehension shall be fairly technical. The passages would be
selected from writings on economic, social, cultural subjects and
international affairs.
Precis Writing
The candidates will be required to present an acceptable precis of a
given passage. The unseen passage will be selected from current,
economic, social, cultural and international affairs.
Title Author
1. A communicative grammar of English Leech & Svartik
2. A Practical English grammar Thomson &
3. A comprehensive English Grammar Eckersley &
for Foreign students Eckersley (Longmans)
4. Modern English Vol. I & II Rutherford
Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.
5. A University English Grammar. R. Quirk &
S. Greenbaum
— Nature of Science ;
— Brief History of Science with special reference to contribution
of Muslims in the evolution and development of science ;
— Impact of science on society.
2. The Physical Sciences
(a) Constituents and Structure :—ˆUniverse, Galaxy, Solar
system, Sun, Earth, Minerals ;
(b) Processes of Nature :—Solar and Lunar Eclipses ; Day and
Night and their variation ;
(c) Energy :— sources and resources of Energy ;
Energy conservation ;
(i) Ceramics, Plastics, Semiconductors ;
(ii) Radio, Television, Telephones, Camera, Laser,
(iii) Computers, Satellites ;
(iv) Antibiotics, Vaccines, Fertilizers, Pesticides.
3. Biological Sciences
— The basis of life—the cell, chromosomes, genes, nucleic
— The building blocks—Proteins. Harmones and other nutrients.
Concept of balanced diet. Metabolism.
— Survey of Plant and Animal Kingdom— a brief survey of
plant and animal kingdom to pinpoint similarities and
diversities in nature.
— The Human body—a brief account of human Physiology.
Human behaviour.
Title Author
1. Ideological Orientations of Pakistan Al Mujahid Sharif
2. Letters of Iqbal to Jinnah Iqbal, Mohammad
3. Muslim Separatism in India (A brief Hamid, Abdul
Survey 1858—1947)
4. Modern Muslim India and the birth Ikram, S. M.
of Pakistan
5. Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan Dani, Ahmed
6. Struggle for Pakistan Qureshi, I. H.
7. The case for Pakistan Rafiq, Afzal M.
8. The Making of Pakistan Aziz, K. K.
9. The Muslim Community of the Indo- Qureshi, I. H.
Pakistan Sub-continent
10. The Emergence of Pakistan Mohammad Ali
11. Towards Pakistan Waheed-uz-
12. Pakistan A Study Hamid Yusuf
of Political Development 1947—97
13. Ulema in Politics Qureshi, I. H.
14. World Scholars on Quaid-i-Azam Dani, Ahmed
Candidates will be expected to display such general knowledge of
History, Geography and Politics as is necessary to interpret current affairs.
1. Pakistan’s relations with its neighbours.
2. Pakistan’s relations with Middle Eastern, African and Far
Eastern Countries.
3. Pakistan relations with big powers.
4. International Economic issues and Pakistan.
5. Pakistan’s role in regional and international organizations.
6. Nuclear politics in South Asia.
7. Structure of Pakistan’s economy, economic planning and
development strategies.
8. Central Issues and problems in the Educational Systems.
9. Issues in Pakistan Politics.
10. Superpowers and the Issues of World Order.
11. Major Contemporary Crises.
12. Major Economic, social and political issues of the world as
reflected and discussed in periodicals and newspapers.
Title Author
1. India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and G.W. Choudhry
Great Powers
1. Evolution and growth of Muslim Society in the Sub-continent.
2. Ideology of Pakistan.—Definition and Elucidation, Historical
aspects : Muslim rule in the sub-continent, its downfall and efforts of
Renaissance. Movements for reforms—Sheikh Ahmed Sarhindi, Shah
Waliullah, Aligarh, Deoband, Nadwah, Anjamun Hamiat-e-Islam and other
Educational Institutions— Sind Madressah and Islamia College Peshawar.
Ideology of Pakistan in the lights of speeches and sayings of Allama Iqbal
and Quaid-i-Azam.
3. Pakistan Movement.—Historical developments, important event,
role of various individuals, communities and groups.
4. Political Developments in Pakistan since 1947 and efforts for
promulgation of Islamic system.
5. Land and People of Pakistan.—Geography, Society, Natural
resources, Agriculture, Industry, Education with reference to
characteristics, trends and problems.
Title Author
2. Main Spring of Indian and Pakistani S.M. Burke
Foreign Policies
3. Pakistan’s Foreign Policy S.M. Burke
4. Pakistan and the Great Powers Mohammad
Ahsan Choudhry
5. Pakistan and the U.N. Mohammad
Ahsan Choudhry
6. Pakistan the long view Lawrence Ziring
et. al.
7. Political System of Pakistan Khalid B. Sayeed
8. Politics in Pakistan Khalid B. Sayeed
9. World Politics Since 1945 P. Calvocrassi
10. Conflict and Cooperation in the Indian Pervaiz Iqbal
Ocean : Pakistan’s Interests and Choices Cheema
11. The Security of South Asia Stephen P. Cohen
12. The Military and Politics in Pakistan Hasan Askari
13. Development strategies of Pakistan M.L. Qureshi
14. The Management of Pakistan’s Ahmad, V.,
economy 1947 to 1982 Rashid Amjad
Total Marks—100
1. Basic Problems of Human Life and their Solutions
Various sources of knowledge-revelation (Wahy) as a source of
knowledge and solution to human problems. Divinity and Supermacy of
2. Need of Religion and its role in Human Life
Islam and other religions.
3. Islam
Its concept and meanings, Deen and Muzhab. Islamic concepts of
Universe and Humanity, Place of Humanity in Islam, Man as Vicegerent of
Allah, Chief Characteristics of Islamic Ideology.
4. Fundamental Beliefs and Practices of Islam
(a) Tauheed (Unity of Allah), Risalat (Finality of the Prophethood),
Akhirat (Day of Judgement).
(b) Salat, Soum, Zakat, Hajj, Jehad.
5. IslamicWay of Life
(a) Sources of Shariah : The Qu’ran, Sunnah, Ijma (Consensus),
Qiyas and Ijtihad (reasoning).
(b) Social system in Islam : Responsibilities and mutual relationship
of members of family, separate role of man and woman in an Islamic Social
set up, concept of Woman’s freedom in Islam, Responsibilities of man and
woman in character-building of new generation.
(c) Morality in Islam : Concept of morality, Relationship of morality
and Faith, Islamic principles and methods of character-building, Moral
values in Islam.
(d) Islamic Political System :—
(i) Legislative System
(ii) Judicial System
(e) Muslim ummah : Role and objectives of Muslim Ummah.
6. Quranic Ayat and their Translation.
Following last 10 surrah of the Holy Quran with their translations :—
Title Author
1. Introduction to Islam. Dr. Hamidullah
2. Islamic Ideology Dr. Khalifa Abdul
3. Ideology of the Future Dr. Muhammad
4. Islam : The Misunderstood Religion Muhammad
5. Islam : Its meaning and Message Khushid Ahmed
6. Islam the Religion Syed Anwar Ali
7. The Religion of Islam Ahmad A.
8. Outlines of Islamic Culture A.M.A. Shushtery
7. Cost Accounting S. Qavi Ahmad
8. Auditing Dicksee, L.R.
9. Companies Act 1984
10. Practical Auditing Spiecer and Pegler
2. An Introduction to Tropical Agriculture Temporary H & D
Grit, H.
3. A treatile in Horticulture Gilani, M.A.
4. An Introduction to Animal Husbandry King Black Well,
5. Breading Field Crops Poehlman
Total Marks—200
6. Cost Accounting Nisar-ud-Din
Principles of Accounting and their applications to all types of
Business Organizations—Banking, Insurance, Investment, Trading and
Industrial Concerns, Accounting for non-profit Organisations, Work-sheet,
Financial statements, Financial Reporting, Financial Analysis and
Budgeting, Depreciation, Partnership.
Note.—Accounting for Executors, Trustees of Deceased Persons,
Liquidators, Receivers, Official Agencies, Assignees etc. and Accounting
for Multinational Corporation will not be included.
11. Principles and Procedure of Auditing Kh. Amjad Saeed
12. Income Tax Ordinance 2001
(Amended to date)
13. Income Tax Law (Latest edition) Kh. Amjad Saeed
14. Business Organization Nisar-ud-Din
(a) Cost Accounting
15. Principles and Practice of Commerce Stephenson
16. Basic Business Finance Hunt, Williams
and Donaldson
17. Income Tax Law Vol. I & II Luqman Baig
(Latest edition)
Principles of Cost Accounting, Relationship of Cost Accounting to
Financial Accounting, Cost Accounting as a tool of management—use of
Cost information, Cost flow, Cost elements, Costs classification, Process
Cost and job—order Cost Accounting, Costing for Joint and by—Products,
Standard Cost Accounting, reconciliation of Financial Accounts with Cost
Total Marks—100
(b) Auditing
Principles of Auditing, The Accounting System, Its importance to
Independent Audit, Internal Control, Internal Audit, Rights and Duties of
Auditors. Professional Liabilities of an Auditor, Application of Auditing
Principles and Techniques to all Types of Trading, Commercial, Industrial,
Banking, Insurance and Investment under-takings, Audit programme,
Special Audit Investigation of actual or suspected Frauds, Limitations of
Audit, Audit Report, Certificates and Opinion as required under Companies
Act, Securities Exchange Authority Rules, Auditing and EDP Systems.
(c) Income Tax
Principles of Computing taxable income and total income for the
purposes of Income Tax, Universal Self-Assessment.
Specialized knowledge of Income Tax will not be expected.
Candidates will be required to have a sound grasp of the provisions of
Sections 4, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 39, 39 (3) and (4), 40, 72, 87, 92,
93, 98A, 98B, 98C, 101, 114(1), 114(3), and 4, 120, 122, 123, 124, 147,
176, First Schedule and 2nd Schedule of Income Tax Ordinance 2001 as
amended upto date and the connected Rules contained in Income Tax
Rules, 2002.
(d) Business Organization and Finance
Nature and Scope of Business Organization, Forms of Business
Organization—Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, Joint Stock Company,
Cooperative Society, Company Promotion and Management, Insurance,
business Combinations, Principles of Business Finance—Short Term,
Intermediate Term and Long Term financing, expansion and contraction,
Ratio analysis—Sources and flow statement, Role of Financial Institutions.
Title Author
1. Accountancy Pickles, W.
1. Natural Resources (Land, Water, Biological, Environmental,
Solar and energy) as bases for agricultural production. Agriculture as
integrated system of components like Crops, Livestock, Fisheries, Forestry,
Range Management, Socio-economics etc. Role of research and newer
technologies in current and future agriculture in Pakistan.
2. Elements of climate and their relationship with crop growth,
Factors of soil, Soil formation and development of soil profile, Soil texture
and structure and their management, Soil fertility and fertilizer requirement
of various soils and crops, Role of organic matter in soil ; Water
requirements of crops and water use efficiency, Cropping pattern and crop
relations, Systems and types of farming; Nature, formation and reclamation
of salt affected and water-logged soil, Soil erosion and conservation.
3. Physiology of Growth and development, growth curves, growth
regions, RGR, NAR and LAR in relation to biomass production. Seed
growth and assimilate partitioning, Harvest index. Photoperiodic and
thermoperiodic responses of crop plants, photorespiration. Nitrogen
fixation, Nitrogen cycle, factors affecting biological N-fixation.
4. The modern concept of genetics, gene and gene function,
application of genetics for the improvement of crops.
5. Modern concept of Horticultural industry, Plant propagation,
Major management and breeding problems in fruits and vegetables.
6. Pests and diseases of agricultural crops, Principles and methods of
pest and diseases control, Pesticides—their application and action. Modern
concept and principles of insect pest management.
7. Role of agriculture in the national economy. Agricultural
mechanization. Land tenure and Land reforms. Population problems of
rural Pakistan. Major issues in agriculture and agricultural development in
Title Author
1. Agriculture in India Vol. I & II Kamar, L.S.S.
2. Advanced Accounting Vol.I & II Muin-ud-Din
3. Book Keeping and Accounts Big, W.S.
4. Principles and Practice of Book Vickery, B.G.
Keeping and Accounts
5. Cost Accounting, Planning and Control Matz and Usry
6. Disease of Field Crops Dickson, J.G.
7. Agricultural Insects Pests of Tropics Hill, S.D.
and their control.
8. Forest Ecology Spurr, S.H.
9. Fundamentals of Soil Science Foth
10. Irrigation Principles and Practicals Isrealson, O.W.
11. Manual of Plant Production Abdul Manan
12. Principles of Agronomy Mudliar, W.T.S.
13. Principles of Field Crop Production Martin, J.H. &
Leonard, W.H.
14. Principles of Genetics Gardner, E.J.
15. Physiology of Crop Plants Gardner, Peares
and Mitchal
16. The Nature and Properties of Soil Buckman, H.O. &
Bready, N.C.
17. Physiology of Growth and Development Willking
18. Plant Pathology Agrioes, G.N.
Non-linear equations. Systems of equations. Variation of parameters and
the power series method.
Formation of partial differential equations. Types of integrals of
partial differential equations, Partial differential equations of first order.
Partial differential equations with constant coefficients, Monge’s method.
Classification of partial differential equations of second order. Laplace’s
equation and its boundary value problems. Standard solutions of wave
equation and equation of heat induction.
Definition of tensors as invariant quantities. Coordinate
transformations. Contravariant and covariant laws of transformation of the
components of tensors. Addition and multiplication of tensors. Contraction
and inner product of tensors. The Kronecker delta and Levi-Civita symbol.
The metric tensor in Cartesian, polar and other coordinates. covariant
derivatives and the Christoffel symbols. The gradient, divergence and curl
operators in tensor notation.
Elements of Numerical Analysis
Solution of non-linear equations, Use of x = g (x) form. Newton
Raphson method, Solution of system of linear equations. Jacobi and Gauss-
Seidel Method. Numerical Integration. Trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule.
Regula falsi and iterative method for solving non-linear equation with
convergence. Linear and Lagrange interpolation. Graphical solution of
linear programming problems.
Total Marks—200
Candidates will be asked to attempt any two questions from Section
A and any three questions from Section B.
Vector Analysis
Vector algebra, scalar and vector product of two or more vectors,
Function of a scalar variable, Gradient, divergence and curl, Expansion
formulae, curvilinear coordinates, Expansions for gradient, divergence and
curl in orthogonal curvilinear coordinates, Line, surface and volume
integrals, Green’s, Stoke’s and Gauss’s theorems.
Composition and resolution of forces, Parallel forces, and couples,
Equilibrium of a system of coplanar forces, Centre of mass and centre of
gravity of a system of particles and rigid bodies, Friction, Principle of
virtual work and its applications, equilibrium of forces in three dimensions.
Title Author
1. Classical Mechanics Goldstein
2. Lectures on Ordinary Differential Hille, E.
3. Lectures on Partial Differential Petrovosky, I.G.
4. Mechanics Symon, G.F.
5. Mechanics Ghori, Q.K.
6. Mathematical Physics, An Advanced Mikhin, S.G.
7. Ordinary Differential Equations. Easthan, M.S.P.
SECTION B 8. Principles of Mechanics Synge and
9. Principles of Mechanics Hauser.
Tangential, normal, radial and transverse components of velocity and
acceleration, Rectilinear motion with constant and variable acceleration,
Simple harmonic motion, Work, Power and Energy, Conservative forces
and principles of energy, Principles of linear and angular momentum,
Motion of a projectile, Ranges on horizontal and inclined planes, Parabola
of safety. Motion under central forces, Apse and apsidal distances,
Planetary orbits, Kepler’s laws, Moments and products of inertia of
particles and rigid bodies, Kinetic energy and angular momentum of a rigid
body, Motion of rigid bodies, Compound pendulum. Impulsive motion,
collision of two spheres and coefficient of restitution.
10. Partial Differential Equations Sneddon. I.N.
11. Theoretical Mechanics Beckker
12. Theoretical Mechanics Bradsbury
13. Theory of ordinary differential Goddirgton, E.A.
equations and N. Livenision
14. Vector and Tensor Methods Charlton Jeffreya
Cartesian Tensors
(Marks—100) 8. ARABIC
Candidates will be asked to attempt any two questions from Section
A, one question from Section B and two questions from Section C.
Differential Equations
1. (a) The Pre-Islamic Arabic Literature.
Total Marks—200
Linear differential equations with constant and variable coefficients.
(b) The Quran, its language, contents and style; its influence on the
subsequent literature.
(c) Quranic semantics and etymology with special reference to Ibn
Manzoor’s Lisan al’Arab and Raghib al-Asfahani’s Mufradat fi
Gharib al-Quran.
(d) Literary History and Literary criticism—literary movements,
classical backgound, socio-cultural influences and modern trends.
Origin and development of modern literary genres, including
drama, novel, short story, essay.
(e) Contribution of Arabs in the fields of science, philosophy and
linguistics with special reference to the views of the Ibn Khaldun,
al-biruni, al-Jahiz, Ibn Maskawaih, Ibn Maja, al-Kasai and
(f) A short introduction to Pakistani Arabic literature in the fields of
prose and poetry.
(g) The contemporary Arabic literature in Egypt, Lebanon and Iraq
with special emphasis on the literature of al-Mahjer and its
outstanding representatives such as Jabran Khalil Jabran, Ilia Abu
Medhi, Mckhail Naeema, and Umer Abu Risha.
2. A short Essay in Arabic.
This paper will require first-hand reading of the texts prescribed and
will be designed to test the candidates critical ability.
1. Imarul Qais : His Maullaqah :—
“Qifaa Nabki mim Zakraa Habibin Wa Manzili” (Complete).
2. Zohair Bin Abi Sulma : His Maullaqah :—
“A Min Umme Aufaa Dimnatun lam takalami” (Complete).
3. Hassan Bin Tabit : The following five Qasaid from his Daiwan : From
Qasidah No. 1 to Qasidah No. IV and the Qasidah :—
“Lillahi Darru Kaaba ……………… Nadamtuhum.
4. Labeed : Afatiddiyaru Mahalluha Wa Maqammuha Mahmud Timur :
Story : “Ammi Mutawalli” (From 🙂
5. Taufiq Al-Hakim : Dramas : Sirrul Muntahiraa” from his book
“Masra-hiyaatu Tufiqal Hakim”.
6. Dr. Rana M. N. Ehsan Elahie : Nafais al-Adab, [P.U.B.A. (Hons)
7. Dr. Jalal al-Khayyat and others :
8. Dr. Taha Hussain : Hadith al-Araba’a
11. Literary History of the Arabs Nicholson
12. Arabic Grammer Thatcher
9. Isa an-Na’uri : Adab al-mahjer
10. George Saidah : Adabuna wal-Udaba fi Adab al-Mahjer
11. Dr. De Boer : The History of Philosophy in Islam
Candidates will be required to answer some questions carrying not
less than 25% marks in Arabic also.
Title Authors
1. The Contribution of India to the Dr. Zubaid Ahmed
Arabic Literature.
1. Thallophytes :
Total Marks—200
4. Plant Taxonomy and Biosystematics Clive, A. Stace
5. The Biology of the Algae Round, F.E.
(Second Edition)
6. The Structure and Life of Bryophytes Watson, E.V.
(a) Phycology : Origin, evolution, distribution and classification
with reference to range, structure, life history, ecology and
economic importance of the main groups of algae.
(b) Mycology and Plant Pathology Structure, development
reproduction, classification; phylogeny, physiology and
economic importance of the main groups of fungi. Diseases of
economic importance and general principles of their control.
2. Bryology : Evoloution of gametophytes and sporophytes.
3. Peteridophyta and Gymnosperms : General structure, life history
and evolutionary tendencies. Ontogeny and structure of seed.
4. Anatomy and Embryology : Primary and secondary tissues.
Meristems, tissue differentiation, normal and abnormal secondary growth,
anatomy of leaf, stem and root. Micro and megasporogenesis, pollination
mechanism, fertilization, development of embryo and endosperm. seed
5. Taxonomy of Angiosperms : Systems of classification. Rules of
botanical nomenclature. Concepts of speciation. Introduction to modern
trends in plant taxonomy : Bio-systematics, chemotaxonomy and numerical
7. The Morphology of Pteridophytes Sporne, K.R.
8. The Morphology of Gymnosperms Sporne, K.R.
9. Cytology Wilson, G.B. &
Morrison, J.H.
10. Diagnosis and Improvement of Saline Richards, L.A.
and Alkali Soils (ed)
11. Plant Physiology (Second Edition) Frank, B.
Salisbury &
Cleon W. Ross
12. Plant and the Ecosystem Billings, W.D.
13. Principles of Genetics Gardner, E.J.
14. Morphology of Plants Bold, Harold, C.
15. Introduction to fungi Webster, J.
16. Plant growth and Development Leopold, A.C. &
Kriedmann, P.E.
17. Terrestrial Plant Ecology Barbour, M.G. &
Bark, J.H. Titts,
1. Plant Physiology : Plant water relations, osmotic quantities,
absorptions, transpiration, role of essential mineral elements, their uptake
and distribution, growth and development, plant hormones,
Total Marks—200
photoperiodism, vernalization. Dormancy and seed germination.
Biochemistry of carbohydrates, proteins and fats with reference to plants.
Enzymes. Plant pigments. Photophosphorelation, path of carbon in
photosynthesis, oxidative phosophorelation (respiration), nitrogen and fat
2. Ecology : Influence of climatic, edaphic and biotic factors on
plant growth. Sampling techniques. Major formations in relation to climatic
zones. Concepts of ecosystems and their productivity, Ecological energetics,
efficiency, pyramids, food chains and trophic levels.
Salinity and water logging in Pakistan, causes, reclamation, soil
erosion, methods of control and conservation. Pollution and conservation
of natural resources.
3. Cytology : Detailed study of ultrastructure of cell. Mitosis and
meiosis. Significance of meiosis.
4. Genetics :
(a) Mendalian Genetics, Linkage, crossing over, sex linked genes,
lethals, balanced lethals. Mutation, polyploidy.
(b) Biochemical Genetics : Bichemical nature of hereditary
material, genetic Code, Fine Structure of gene, transduction
and transformation.
British History.—The history of the British Isles and of the British
Empire and Commonwealth.
Paper I.
From 1688 to 1850
Paper II.
From 1850 to the present day.
Note.—Credit will be given in both the papers, not only for precise presentation
of facts, but also for sound critical judgement.
Title Author
1. A Text Book of Modern English History Southgate, G.W.
2. A Text Book of European History Southgate, G.W.
3. England in the Eighteenth Century Serlley, W.T.
5. Evolution : Theories of evolution, Neo-Darwinism. Neo- 4. Europe Since Napoleon Harmondswarth Thompsen, David
Lamarckism. Adaptive mutations.
Title Author
1. An Introduction of Plant Diseases Wheeler, B.E.J.
2. An Introduction to Plant Anatomy Eames, A.G. &
Mc. Daniels, L.H.
3. An Introduction to Embryology of Maheshveri
5. English Social History Trevelyan, G.M.
6. History of Britain Carter, E.H.
7. History of England Wood, E.L.
8. Modern Britain Derry, J.K. &
Jarman, T.L.
9. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe Taylor, A.J.P.
10. The Penguin Dictionary of English Williams, E.N.
and European History
2. The New Management Robert M. Fulmer
3. Management Horold Koontz and
Heinz Weihrich
4. Management James A. F. Stoner
and Charles Wanke
11. Britain Between the Wars Movat, Charles L.
12. Democracy : Great Britain 1815—1914 Bentley, Michael
Total Marks—100
Candidates will be asked to attempt total Five questions including
one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at least one
question (out of two) from each part. Short note within the question
(without choice) can also be given.
1. Nature And Scope of Management-Different Schools of thought.
2. Planning—Planning process; Planning tools; Change
5. Management Arthur G. Bedeian
6. Marketing Management Philip Kotler
7. Fundamentals of Marketing William J. Stanton
8. Marketing Joel R. Evans
9. Marketing Courtland L. Bovee.
10. Putting Total Quality Management Marshal Sashkin and
to Work Kenneth J. Kiser
11. Fundamentals of Financial Management Van Horn
12. Essentials of Managerial Finance J. Fred Weston,
Eugene and Brigham
13. Financial Management Gitt Man
3. Organisation—Type of Organisation; Theory of Organisation;
Group dynamics ; Staffing.
4. Actuating—Leading; Approaches to Leadership—Coordinating;
Total Marks—200
Communicating; Motivating.
5. Controlling—Budgetary Control; Budgetry process.
1. An overview of Marketing.
2. Marketing’s Role in Society and inside a Firm.
3. Environment of Marketing.
4. Strategic Planning and Marketing.
5. Marketing Mix i.e. Product, Pricing, Place (Distribution,
Channels), Wholesaling, Retailing, Sales Promotion (Advertising, Publlic
6. Global Marketing.
1. Nature and Scope of Financial Management
2. Interpretation of Financial Statement—Ratio analysis, Trend
analysis—Common size analysis.
3. Time Value of Money—Concept of TVM; Net Present Value; Pay
Back period; Internal rate of return.
1. Atomic structure.—Quantum theory, Schrodinger equation,
Particle in box, hydrogen atom. Hydrogen moleculeion, hydrogen
molecule. Theories of hydrogen and metallic bonding.
2. Electrochemistry.—Ionic equilibria, theory of strong electrolytes;
ebye-Huckel theory of activity coefficients, galvanic cells, memberane
equilibria and fuel cells. Theories of Acids and Bases, glass electrode,
measurement of pH. Electroloysis, overvoltage and corrosion.
3. Thermodynamics.—First law of thermodynamics, internal energy,
enthalphy functions. Thermochemistry, Entropy and second law of
Thermodynamics, Free energy and chemical equilibrium.
4. Chemistry of Following Elements.—Oxygen, Carbon, Chlorine,
Silicon, Nitrogen, Phosphorus.
5. Metallurgy of the Following Elements.—Copper, Aluminium,
Iron and Silver.
6. Inorganic Chemical Industries.—Sulphuric Acid, Fixation of
Nitrogen, Chemical Fertilizers, Semi-conductivity devices. Cement, Glass
and Ceramics.
7. Chemistry of Transition Elements.—General characteristics of the
group based on the electronic configuration of the elements. Complex
compounds. Nature of Coordinate Bond, Historical development,
Applications of Valence Bond, Molecular Orbital and Crystal Field
Theories to explain the structures of the Complex Compounds.
8. Pollution—Water, air.
4. Working Capital Management—Cash Management; Receivable
Management; Inventory Management.
5. Port Folio Management—Types of Investment; Financial
Securities; Diversification of Risk.
6. Accounting—Accounting Cycles, Preparation of Financial
Statements; Balance Sheet, Income Statement.
Title Author
1. Management Robins Stephen P.
1. Theory of Chemical Bonding.—Elements of Valence bond and
molecular orbital theories (idea of bonding, non-bonding and anti-bonding
orbitals) Sigma and Pi bonds. Hybridization, Shape of molecules.
2. Chemical Kinetics.—Rate law and its determination Order of
reaction. Experimental methods. Temperature Dependence of rate
constants. Study of mechanism of a few selected reactions (1st and 2nd
under reaction only).
3. Surface Chemistry and Catalysis.—Physical adsorption and
chemisorption. Surface area determination. Homogeneous and
Hetrogeneous Catalysis. Acid-base and Enzyme Catalysis.
4. Physical Organic Chemistry.—Elements of Organic reaction
mechanism. Optical and Geometric Isomarism. Conformational analysis.
Resonance. H—Bond and its effects on the properties of Organic
5. Organic Halogen Compounds.—Types and Synthetic application.
Grignard Reagents.
1. Computer Concepts, 3rd Edition, ITP, 1998 J.J. Parsond &
D. Oja
2. Mathematical Structures for Computer G.L. Gersting
Science, Freeman & Company
3. Java Script: The Definitive Guide, 2/e, D. Flanagan
O’Reilly, 1997
4. The HTML Sourcebook, Wiley, 1996 I.S. Graham
6. Java: An Object First Approach, Addison F. Culwin
Wesley, 1998
7. Web Page Scripting Techiques, Hayden J. Bloomberg,
5. Computer Science: An overview, 6/e, J. G. Brookshear
Addison-Wesley, 1998
6. Chemistry of Carbonyl Compounds.—Types of Carbonyl
Compounds. Preparation and reactions of Aldehydes and ketones.
7. Aromatic Chemistry.—Structure of Benzene with particular
reference to Mechanism of Electrophilic Substitution Reactions.
Software Engineering
Introduction to Software Engineering, Software life cycle, Software
Design Methodologies: Structured/Object oriented, Software
documentation and Management, Introduction to CASE tools.
8. Organic Nitrogen Compounds.—Diazonium Salts and their
synthetic applications. Preparation and reactions of Aromatic Amino
Compounds. Introduction to the Study of Dyes with particular reference to
Data Base Management
9. Chemistry of Natural Products.—Elementary study of
Carbohydrates. Oils and Fats. Alkaloids and Vitamins.
10. Industrial Organic Chemistry.—Organic Polymers. Fermentation
processes including preparation of Anti-Biotics. Petro-Chemical Industry.
Title Author
1. Advanced Inorganic Chemistry Cotton. F.A. and
3rd Ed. Wilkinson Groffrey
2. Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd Ed. 1983 Hukeavy, James E.
3. Physical Chemistry 3rd Ed. Barrow, GardonM.
4. Physical Chemistry 5th Ed. Moore, Walter J.
5. University Chemistry Mahan, B.H.
6. Introduction to Organic Chemistry Streitwieser, A. Jr.
2nd Ed.
7. Mechanism & Structure in Organic Gould, Edwards
8. Organic Chemistry 2nd Ed. Morrison, Robert
Thornton & Boyd
Data Models, E-R Models, Relational Database concepts, SQL,
Normalization, Database Design.
Web Programming
HTML, CGI, PERL, JAVA: Applet/Script, WWW, Web based
interface Design.
Computer Graphics
Fundamentals of input, display and hard copy devices, scan
conversion of geometric primitives, 2D and 3D geometric transformations,
clipping and windowing, scene modeling and animation, algorithms for
visible and surface determination.
The following books or their more recent equivalents, manuals,
computer magazines and Journals, are recommended.
Title Author
Total Marks—100
Candidates will be asked to attempt total five questions including one
compulsory objective type question. They will attempt atleast one question
from each section. Each question will carry 20 marks.
Computer Architecture
SECTION-A Books, 1996 J. Kawski J and
P. Treffers
8. Computer Organization and Architecture: W. Stallings
Introduction to modern machine Architecture, Storage Hierarchy;
Main/Virtual/Cache/Secondary Memory, CPU, ALU, Peripheral
communication, Designing of Instruction set, Stored program concept,
Introduction to parallel computing; SIMD/MIMD.
Operating System
Functions/Types of operating systems, Processes, Interprocess
Communication/Synchronization/Co-ordination, Process Scheduling
Policies, Virtual Memory Management Techniques; Paging/Segmentation,
File Management Systems.
Computer Networks
LAN/WAN/MAN, Communication channels, Internetworking,
Internet, Network layer structure, ISO Internet Protocol, OSI/TCP/IP
reference model.
Structured and Object Oriented Programming
Basics of C/C++ environment, memory concepts, operators, control
structures, selection structures, Array & functions/methods, classes & data
Abstractions, inheritance and polymorphism.
Data Structures and Algorithms
Pseudo language, Functions, Iteration, Recursion, Time/complexity
Analysis, Stacks Queue, hashing, linked list, Searching; Sequential, Binary,
Sorting Algorithms, Graphs Algorithms, Tree Algorithms, Trees, ADTs,
Implementation using Structured/object oriented languages.
Designing for performance 4/e, Prentice-Hall
9. The Art of Computer Programming, Addison D.E. Knuth
Vol. 1 Fundamental Algorithms, 3/e, 1997
Vol. 3 Sorting and Searching, 2/e, 1998
10. Algorithms and Data Structures, Prentice N. Wirth
Hall, 1985
11. Introduction to Database Systems, 6/e, C.J. Date
Addison Wesley, 1996
12. Software Engineering, 6/e 1998 Ian Sommerville
13. Software Engineering: A Practitioners R. Pressman
Approach (4th edition), McGraw-Hill, 1997
14. Computer Networks, 3rd Edition, Prentice S. Tanenbaum
Hall, 1996
15. Operating System Concepts, 4/e, Addison- Silberschatz &
Wesley, 1996 J. Peterson,
16. Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice, Foley/Van Dam/
2/e, Addison-Wesley, 1996 Feiner/Hughes
17. Computer networks and Internet, Prentice D.E. Comer
Hall, 1998
18. C++: How to Program, Prentice-Hall, 1998 H.M. Deitel,
P.J. Deital
19. Data Base Processing, Fundamentals-design David M. Kropnke
implementation, 4th Edition, Macmillan
Publishing Company, New York, 1993
20. Data and Computer Communication, 5th W. Stallings
Edition, Prentice-Hall International, 1997
Total Marks—100
Constitutional Law—Principles of Constitutional Law with special
reference to United Kingdom, United States of America, France, Former
Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, Pakistan and India.
Title Author
1. Constitution of Pakistan Monir, M.
2. Constitutional Development of Pakistan Choudhry, A.G.
3. Governments and Parties in Continental Lowell, A.L.
4. Introduction to the study of the Law of Dicey
the Constitution
3. Agricultural Development in Pakistan : Changes in Agricultural
Policies over plan periods, Major Monetary and Fiscal measures to promote
Agricultural development, Green Revolution Strategy and its implications
for growth and redistribution, Land Reforms and changes in the Tenure
System 1950—1980, Cooperative Farming.
4. Industrial Development in Pakistan : Early industrialisation
strategy, Creation of Financial and Development Institutions, Major
monetary and fiscal measures to promote industrial development, Changing
role of public sector over the plan periods, Evaluation of Nationalisation
Policy, Concentration of industrial income and wealth.
5. Role of Foreign Trade and Aid in economic development : Trends
in Pakistan’s Balance of Payments, Changes in direction of trade, Trends in
Pakistan’s major exports and imports, Causes of significant changes in the
trends, the role of migration and remittances in Pakistan’s economy, costs
and benefits of Foreign Aid.
6. Privatization, denationalisation and deregulation, conceptual and
operational aspects. International comparisons.
Title Author
1. A Text-book of Economics Theory Stonier & Hague
2. Economic Development in the Third Todaro, M.P.
3. Under Development and Agrarian Khan, Mahmood
Structure in Pakistan Hassan
4. Economic of Islam Ahmed, S.M.
Total Marks—200
5. Economics Paul A. Samuleson
6. Factors in Economic Development Cairncross, A.K.
1. Micro Economics
Consumer behaviour, Determination of market demand and supply,
theory of the Firm, Producer’s equilibrium, Pricing of the factors of
7. Foreign Aid Theory and Practice in Wolf, Jr. DC
Southern Asia
8. Government Finance—An Economic Due John, F.
2. Macro Economics 9. Introduction to International Economics Snider, D.A.
Basic Economic Concepts, National Income Accounting, 10. Microeconomic Theory Ferguson, C.E. &
Consumption Function and Multiplier, Determination of equilibrium level
of income and output, Inflation.
3. Money and Banking
Functions of Money, Quantity Theory of Money, The Fisher and
Cambridge Formulations, Systems of note issue, Credit Creation,
Functions of Central Banks, Instruments of credit control, Theory of
Liquidity Preference.
4. Public Financing
Government expenditure, Sources of Government Revenue, Types of
taxes, Incidence of different taxes, Public Debt, Objectives, methods of
repayment, Deficit financing.
5. International Trade
Theory of Comparative costs, Arguments for Protection, Balance of
payments, International liquidity, International Money and Banking
Gould, J.P.
11. Modern Microeconomics Koutsoyiannis, A.
12. Macroeconomics Rudigar Dorubush
& Stanley Fisher
13. Population Problems Theompson &
14. Studies in Economic Development with Ghouse, A.
Special Reference to Pakistan
15. The General Theory of Employment, Keynes, J.M.
Interest and Money
16. The Economics of Developing Countries Hynit, H.
Note.—The candidates should be familiar with:—
Pakistan Economic Survey, Government of Pakistan, Five Year Plans,
Government of Pakistan, World Development Reports.
Total Marks—200
1. Definition and measurement of Development, Characteristics of
under development, Rethinking on the concept of Development : Growth
vs. Redistributive justice, Absolute and Relative Poverty, Basic Needs
2. Planning Experience of Pakistan : A critical evaluation of the
strategy of economic planning.
Detailed study of a literary age (19th century)
The paper will cover the study of English literature from 1798 to 1900
with special reference to the works of W. Blake, Wordsworth, Shelley,
Keats, Byron, Charles Lamb, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert Browning, Hardy,
George Eliot, J.S. Mill, Ruskin and Oscar Wilde.
2. A Guide to English Literature Ford, B. Pelican
Series 7 Vols.
3. Common Pursuit Leavis, F.R.
4. D. H. Lawrence Leavis, F.R.
5. Dickens, the Novelist Leavis, F.R.
6. Gulliver and the Gentle Reader Rowson, C.J.
7. George Eliot : The Critical Heritage Caroll, D. (ed)
8. History of English Literature Legouis and
9. History of English Literature Hudson
10. Hardy, the Novelist Cecil, D.
11. Hardy : The Critical Heritage Cox, R.G. (ed)
12. In Memorium in Essay Ancient Eliot, T.S.
and Modern
13. Lawrence Kermode, F.
14. Romantic Poetry Abrahams, M.H.
15. Robert Browning Amstrange, J. (ed)
16. Swift Steel, P. Preacher
and Jester
Evidence of first-hand reading will be required. The paper will be
designed to test not only the candidates knowledge of the prescribed
authors works but also their understanding of the main literary trends
during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural
back-ground of the Period also be included.
17. Shakespeare’s Later Comedies; Palmer, D.J. (ed)
An anthology of Modern Criticism
18. The world of Swift Vickers, B. (ed)
19. The Art of Swift Probyn, C.T.
20. The Dark Sun, a Study of Lawrence Hough, Graham
21. The Love Ethics of Lawrence Silk, M.
22. The Lonely Tower Studies in the Henna, T.R.
The paper will require first hand knowledge of the text prescribed as
well as general awareness of the authors major works, and will be designed
to test the candidates critical ability.
Poetry of Yeats
23. The Last Romantics Hough, G.
1. Shakespeare . . Hamlet 24. The Wheel of Fire Knight, G. Willson
2. Swift . . Gullivers Travels 25. The 19th Century Back Ground Basil Willey
3. Jane Austen . . Pride and Prejudice 26. The Great Tradition Leavis, F.R.
4. Shaw . . Pygmalion 27. The Odes of Keats Holloway, T. Camb
5. Yeats . . The Second Coming, sailing to 28. Tennyson Ricks, C.
Byzanthium, Among School
Children 29. Tennyson : The Critical Heritage Jump, J.D.
6. T.S. Eliot . . The Waste Land 30. The Poetry of Browning Drew, P.
7. D.H. Lawrence . . Sons & Lovers 31. Use of Poetry & Use of Criticism Eliot, T.S.
8. Earnest Hemingway . . Old Man & The Sea 32. 20th Century Views Abrahams, M.H.
9. Samuel Backet . . Waiting for Godot 33. The Romantics Image Kermode, F.
10. Robert Frost . . The Pasture, Revelation, The Tuft
of Flowers, After Apple—
Picking, Mending Wall, The
Road not Taken, And Old Man’s
Winter Night, Birches, Fire and
Ice, Stopping by Woods, Westrunning
brook, Desert Places.
Total Marks—200
Title Author
1. After Strange Gods Eliot, T.S.
I. French Revolution
Background, Old Regime, Philosophers, Estate General, National
Assembly, England’s Reaction, Parties in the Legislative Assembly. The
fall of Monarchy, European coalition against France and the War, the second
and the third partition of Poland, the Terror and the end of Terror,
France and Europe 1793—95.
II. Napoleon Bonaparte
The rise of Napoleon to power, Napoleon as Emperor, statesman and
warrior, Napoleon and Europe, the continental system, the fall of Napoleon,
England’s role in the catastrophe of Napoleon.
III. Vienna Settlement and concept of Europe
Treaty of Chaumont, First treaty of Paris, Second treaty of Paris,
Treaty of Vienna, Holy Alliance. Quadruple Alliance, Congress System and
failure of congress system, British Leadership.
IV. England 1814 to 1833
Effects of War period, constitutional development, progress in
Industry, Agriculture and Culture.
V. Europe 1815 to 1848
The forces of continuity and reaction, Metternich system, the force of
change and progress, Nationalism, Democracy, Liberalism, Socialism,
Revolution in France 1830, Revolution in France in 1848 and the sequence
of revolutions in Europe.
VI. The Eastern Question 1820 to 1878
Background, the Greek Revolt 1820 to Independence 1832, the
Crimean War 1853 to 1856 and Peace Treaty of Paris, Pan Slavisin, The
Russo-Turkish War 1877, the treaty of San Stefano. The Congress and the
treaty of Berlin 1878.
1. An Intellectual History of Modern Stromberg, R.N.
2. A History of Modern World Palmer, R.
VII. Risorginmento and the Union of Italy
Revolutionary movements in Italy, Mazzini, Cavour and other
architects of Italian unification, Napoleon III and Italian Unity, Foregin
Policy of Italy after unification to 1914.
VIII. Unification of Germany
Background, Napoleon and Germany, Rise of Prussia, Zollverein,
Revolution of 1848 and Germany, Rise of Bismark and his role as architect
of German Unity, Wars with Denmark, Austria and France, Domestic and
foreign policy of Bismark from 1870 to 1890. Foreign Policy of Germany
from 1890 to 1914.
IX. The growth of Colonisation and of Overseas Empire 1815—92
Different forms of colonisation, British Colonial policy and
expansion, The French Colonial Policy and expansion, The French in North
Africa, Suez Canal, Anglo French Control in Egypt, Russia in the Caucasus
and Turkistan, Anglo-Russian Results of Colonial development.
X. England 1893 to 1910
Social and constitutional reforms, material progress, social thought
and culture.
XI. Road to the FirstWorld War
Alliances and counter alliances, Drickaiserbund, Austro German
alliance 1879, Triple alliance 1882. The formation of Dualalliance 1891-93,
Anglo-Japanese alliance, French British and Russo British Entente, their
crises—Algeeiras, Bosnia, Agadir, German Navy, Baghdad Railway,
Balkan crises. The cause of First World War.
IX. The SecondWorld War
Causes, the events, Atlantic Charter, Tehran, Yalta and Potsdam
conferences, the allied victory, effect of the war.
X. The U.N.O.
Origin, the Charter of the U.N.O., U.N.O. as peace keeping force.
XI. The Political State of Europe 1945—50
The new Balance of Power in Europe, Russian domination of Eastern
Europe, Decisions on Germany’s Future, Economic Collapse of Western
Europe and recovery, Marshall Plan, Cold War, The Blockade of Berlin,
XII. The Rise of Russia as a Great power
The effects of the War on Russia, the fruit of victory, Warsaw Pact,
Russia’s efforts to spread its influence in Eastern Europe, Asia, Africa and
Latin-America 1945 to 1960.
XIII. France after the Second World War
Fourth French Republic, French Colonial Policy after Second World
War, Algeria, Indochina, De Gaule’s domestic and foreign policy.
XIV. England after the Second World War
The rise of Labour Party, Economic Policy of the Labour Party’s
Government, England’s Colonial Policy after the Second World War,
Decline of England as World Power, British CommonWealth, England and
the Common Market, England and the Middle East 1945 to 1960.
I. First World War
XV. Europe and Common Market
The origin and evolution of the European Common Market upto
Title Author
Events—U.S.A.’s entry into the War, Wilson’s 14 points, the choice
of the Turks, War in the Middle East Britain’s Middle East Policy during
the War, Balfour Declaration, Defeat of Germany, Austria and Turkey,
effects of the War.
II. Peace Treaties
The Treaty of Versailles, The big four, The basis of the Treaty, The
Treaty of Versailles and the U.S. The treaties of St. Germain and Trianon,
The treaty of Serres, the Treaty of Lausanne.
III. The League of Nations
The Covenant, the League between the two Wars, causes of failure.
IV. Marxism and the Soviet Union
The Russian Revolution 1917, Lenin, The Third International 1919,
Civil War in Russia, Trotsky. The Constitution of the U.S.S.R. Stalin, First
Five year Plan, Purges, The Russian foreign policy between the twoWars.
V. Italy and Fascism
Effects of the War on Italy, Mussolini’s rise to power, Fascist party
and Principles, Italy’s foreign policy between the twoWars.
VI. Germany and Nazism
Germany from the Versailles Treaty to Hitler, Origins of Nazism,
‘Mein Kamph’, Hitler’s rise to power, Domestic Policy of Hitler, the
Totalitarian State, Hitler’s foreign policy.
VII. France between the two Wars
Defects of the French Constitution, collapse of the Third Republic,
Foreign Policy of France between the Wars.
VIII. England between the two Wars
Disadvantages of Parliamentary Government, Cabinet Government in
England. Depression of 1929 and England, Stability of British Common
Wealth, Foreign Policy of England between the Wars.
3. A History of Modern France Cobban, Afred.
4. Europe Since 1815 Craig, G.A.
5. Europe in the Ninteenth Agatha Ramm.
Century 1789, 1905
6. Europe in the Twentieth Agatha Ramm.
Century 1905-1970
7. Europe Since Napoleon Thompson, D.
8. Europe Since 1870 Toll, James,
9. International Relations Between the Carr, E.H.
Two World Wars
10. Modern Europe in the Making from Fasal, G.
the French Revolution to the Common
11. The Age of Progress Colins, Irene.
12. The Norton History of Modern Europe Gilbert, F.
13. The European Powers and the German Mosse, W.E.
Question 1948—1971
14. The History of Modern Europe Nicolson, H.
15. The Struggle for Mastery in Europe Taylor, A.J.P.
16. The First World War. Taylor A.J.P.
17. The Origions of the Second World War Taylor, A.J.P.
18. Western Civilization 2 Volumes Burns, E.M.
19. The Eve of European Era 1890 to the Gilbirt, Felix
20. The Age of Revolution and Reaction
Breving, Cha
3. Principles of Silviculture Daniel, T.W.
Helms & Baker
4. Plant & Environment Daubenmire, R.
5. Elementary Forest Mensuration Jerram, M.R.K.
6. Natural Resources Measurement Avery, T.E.
7. Forest Management Khattak, G.M.
8. Fundamental of Forestry Economics Duerr, W.A.
9. Surveying and Levelling Kanetkar, T.P.
and Kulkarni
10. Rasul Manual for Subordinate Anon
Engineers, Surveying Part-I
11. Material of Construction Syed, Z.H.
12. Forest Engineering (Roads & Bridges) Harrison, J.L.
13. The Pakistan Forest Act, 1927
14. Principles of Forest Policy Worrell
15. Forest Protection Hawley & Stickle
16. Forests & Forestry in Pakistan Sheikh, M.I. &
Hafeez, M.
17. Range Management Stoodart, Smith
and Box
18. Vegetation & Watershed Management Colman, E.A.
Total Marks—200
21. The Age of Nationalism and 1850—1890 Rich, Norman
1. Elements of Weather and Climate
Insolation and Atmospheric Temperature. Global Radiation and Heat
Balance. Atmospheric Pressure andWinds. Humidity and Precipitation. Air
Masses, Fronts and Atmospheric Disturbances. Classification of Climate
and Climatic Regions.
2. Landforms
Forestry :
(i) Ecology and General Silviculture.
Total Marks—100
Major landforms, Rocks : origin, formation and classification,
Internal Structure of the Earth, Earth quakes and Volcancity, Weathering,
Mass Wasting, Erosion and Deposition, Cycle of Erosion. Landforms
produced by Underground and Ground Water, Wind and Glaciers.
(ii) Forest Statistics, Mensuration and Research Methods.
(iii) Forest Management and Economics.
(iv) Water Shed Management.
(v) Range Management
(vi) Forests surveying and Engineering.
(vii) Forest Policy, Law and Protection.
(viii). Forest Biology, Wildlife and Natural Park Management.
Title Author
1. Manual of Silviculture for Pakistan Champion, Seth
& Khattak, G.M.
2. Forest Types of Pakistan —Do—
3. Oceans
Continental Margins and the Sea Floor. Distribution of Temperature
and Salinity. Movements of the Ocean Water : Waves, Currents and Tides.
4. Study of Maps
Types of maps : Topographical Maps, Aerial Photographs, Weather
Maps. Map Projections : classification and choice of projections, Merits
and Demerits of Cylindrical, Conical and Zenithal Projections. Diagrams,
graphs and Distribution Maps based on Statistical Data.
1. Human Geography
Man and his Habitat : Concepts of Environmentalism and Possibilism.
World Population-distribution, structure and growth (natural increase and
migration). World, Society and Culture : races, languages and religions,
levels of education and welfare. Settlements—rural and urban,
characteristics and problems of urban places. Population/Resource
2. Economic Geography
Economic Activities : primary, secondary and tertiary. Primary
Activity : agricultural systems ; subsistence, intensive, extensive,
mechanized and mixed farming. Production, Distribution and Trade of
Major Cereal and Non-Cereal Crops. Forests and Fisheries. Power Resources.
Major Industries : iron and steel, textiles and chemical industries. Politicoeconomic
Relationship between the More Developed and Less Developed
3. Regional Geography
Economic and Social Regions of the world. Regional Geography of
South Asia with special reference to Pakistan under the following heads :
Resource base (Human, Physical and Economic) Transport, Trade and
International Relations.
Title Author
1. Physical Geography Lake, P.
2. Physical Geography Strahler, A.N.
3. An Introduction to Climate Trewartha, G.T.
4. An Introduction to Map work and Bygott J.
5. Maps and Diagrams Monkhouse, F.J.
and Wilkinson, H.R.
6. Human Geography Deblij, H.J.
7. Human Geography Bradford, M.G. &
Kent, W.A.
8. Population Geography Jones, H.R.
9. Population Geography Clarke, J.I.
10. Economic Geography Pounds, N.
11. South Asia Jonson, B.L.C.
12. An Introduction to South Asia Farmer, B.H.
13. A Geography of Pakistan Kureshy, K.U.
Title Author
1. The Evolving Earth Sawkins & others
2. Physical Geology Skinner & Porter
3. Structural Geology Park
4. Geodynamics of Pakistan Farah & Dejong
5. Invertebrate Palaeontology Moore, Laliker &
6. Stratigraphy and Sedimentation Krumbein & Sloss
Total Marks—200
7. Stratigraphy of Pakistan Ibrahim Shah
8. Mineralogy Berry & Mason
1. General Geology : Earth as a planet, its origin and age. Internal
structure of the earth and lithospheric plates. Internal and external geological
processes such as earth-quakes, volcanism, weathering, erosion and
deposition. Geomorphic cycles.
2. Structural Geology : Primary sedimentary structures. Mechanical
properties of rocks. Description and classification of secondary strucutres.
Structures in Metamorphic rocks. Orogeny and geosynclines in plate
tectonic framework. Major tectonic features of the earth. Geodynamics of
3. Palaeontology : Fossils and their preservation. Morphology,
evolution and geologic distribution of major invertebrate phylla.
Micropalaeontology of Foraminifera. Vertebrate and plant fossils.
4. Stratigraphy : Stratigraphic nomenclature, and stratigraphic
codes. Principles of correlation. Sedimentary basins of Pakistan and
detailed stratigraphy of type sections.
5. Mineralogy : Chemical composition of the earth crust. Minerals,
their physical and chemical properties. Space lattice, symmetry classes and
crystal systems. Crystal optics. Atomic structure of crystals and X-Ray
diffraction. Detailed study of important rock forming minerals.
9. Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology Turner &
10. Sedimentary Rocks Pettjohn
11. Mineral Directory of Pakistan Zaki Ahmed
12. Industrial Rocks and Minerals Lefond
13. Geology of Petroleum Leverson
14. Energy Resources Brown & Skipsey
15. Engineering Geology Beavis
16. Groundwater Hydrology Todd
17. Geological Prospecting Kreiter
18. Techniques in Mineral exploration Reedman
6. Petrology : Origin and evolution of magma. Binary and Ternary
silicate systems. Description of important plutonic and volcanic
associations. Sedimentary environments and processes. Petrography of
major types of sedimentary rocks. Metamorphism, metamorphic zones and
facies. Description of principle types of metamorphic rocks.
Total Marks—200
Metamorphism and magmatism in relation to plate tectonics. 712—1857 (Excluding arrival of European nations,
decline and fall of Muslim Rule)
Arrival of the Muslims in the sub-continent, foundation of Muslim
Rule—administrative system and reforms under the Sultans and the
Structure of the Muslim society.
1. Economic Geology : Processes of formation of mineral deposits.
Detailed study of metallic and non-metallic mineral deposits of Pakistan.
Mineral based industries. Metallogeny of Pakistan.
2. Energy Resources : Constitution and kinds of coal. Geology of
Pakistan coal fields. Origin, migration and accumulation of natural
hydrocarbons. Oil well drilling and drilling muds. Oil and gas fields of
Pakistan. Origin and occurrence of radioactive minerals. Pakistan resource
of atomic energy minerals. Geothermal energy; recovery and uses.
Industry, trade and commerce under the Muslim patronage, the Army,
Financial administration, Zakat, Ushr, Kharaj etc.
Administration of Justice—Sufis and Ulema—the Madrassahs and
Art and architecture, literature, sports, dress—Muslim contribution to
scientific knowledge—Policy of the Muslim rules towards non-Muslims.
The spirit and legacy of Muslim civilization.
3. Engineering Geology : Geological factors in the construction of
civil engineering projects. Geology of Dam Sites of Pakistan. Landslides
and stability of slopes. Open and subsurface excavations. Construction
materials and building stones. Site investigation and foundation analysis.
4. Hydrogeology : Groundwater occurrence and types of acquifers.
Movement of groundwater. Salinity and waterlogging. Water resources of
5. Exploration Geology : Geological mapping and tradition
prospecting methods. Photogeology and remote sensing mineral
exploration. Disperson of trace elements and geochemical surveys.
Geophysical techniques for prospecting of solid minerals, oil and water.
Part A : 1857—1947
Arrival of European nations—decline and fall of Muslim Rule,
contributions of Shah Wali Ullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed and Sir Syed
Ahmed Khan towards regeneration of the Muslim—Hindu reform
movements and anti-Muslim role of Hindu leaders.
Constitutional reforms of the British Government and growth of the
Political Parties—Indian National Congress, All India Muslim league—
Partition of Bengal, Simla Deputation, Role of Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk,
Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk.
Syed Ameer Ali, the Agha Khan and other Muslim leaders, Lucknow
pact; Khilafat movement. Contribution of Maulana Muhammad
Ali, Allama Iqbal, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah for Muslim uplift
and welfare.
Nehru report, Quaid-i-Azam’s Fourteen Points, Allama
Iqbal’s Allahabad Address 1930, Round Table Conference. The Congress
role in the provinces, Lahore Resolution 1940, various missions and plans
for the partition of the sub-continent.
Quaid-i-Azam as an organizer of the Muslim League
Muslim leader and maker of Pakistan.
Title Author
1. America at 1750 A Social Portrait Hofstadter,
2. A Pocket History of the United States Nevnis, Allan and
Cammager, Henry
3. American Foreign Policy Since Spainer, W.
World War-II.
Part B
PAKISTAN SINCE 1947 4. Abolitionism A New Perspective. Sorin, Gerald.
5. American Individualism : A Study of Malik, Iftikhar H.
Constitution making in Pakistan—various attempts at constitution
making. Difficulties in establishing a parliamentary democracy, imposition
of various Martial Laws, nature of Pakistan’s economy, development plans.
Role of foreign aid.
Separation of East Pakistan, causes and effect : Pakistan and the
world—major powers, Islamic world, relations with India.
Social and intellectual trends after 1947. Contribution of Quaid-i-
Azam as First Governor General and Liaquat Ali Khan as first Prime
Title Author
1. Constitutional Development in Pakistan G.W. Choudhry.
2. Constitutional History of India Keith A.B.
3. Early India & Pakistan Wheeler Mortimer
4. Five Thousand Year of Pakistan Wheeler R.E.M.
5. Government & Politics in Pakistan Ahmad Mushtaq.
6. Pakistan & India G.W. Choudhry.
7. Political System in Pakistan Khalid Bin Saeed.
8. Pakistan the Formative Phase Khalid Bin Saeed.
9. Studies in Islamic culture in Indian Aziz Ahmed.
10. The Making of Pakistan Richard Symond.
11. Political Parties in Pakistan Vol. I & II Afzal, Rafique.
12. The Great Divide : Britain, India Hodson, H.V.
and Pakistan
13. The Pakistan Experience—State and Khan, Asghar.
14. Pakistan in Transition Wriggins, W.H. (ed)
15. Muslim Rule in Indio-Pak subcontinent Ishwari Prasad
16. Two Nation theory Shafiq Ali Khan
17. The British Raj in India S. M. Burke
SalimAl-Din Qureshi
its Origin and Development, Pakistan
Journal of American Studies.
6. Benjamin Franklin The Father of the Malik, Iftikhar H.
Yankees “Pakistan Journal of American
7. Encyclopedia of American History Morris, Richard &
Commager, H.S.
8. Evolution of Muslim Community in Malik, Iftikhar H.
the U.S. Journal of Research Society
of Pakistan No. 2.
9. Family Encyclopedia of American History —
10. Iran, Turkey and Afghanistan Ziring, Lawrence.
A Political Chronology.
11. Main Currents in American History. Parrington,
12. Paved with Good Intentions Rubin, Barry.
The American Experience and Iran.
13. The Americans : The Colonial Experience Boorstin, David J.
The Americans the National Experience —do—
14. The United States Hofstadter,
Richard et. al.
15. The American Constitution Pritchet, Herman.
16. The United States and Pakistan Tahir-Khali,
17. United States Pakistan Relation, “U.S. Malik, Iftikhar H.
Pakistan Relation : A Historical Perspective
on Cross-Cultural Dialogue”,
in Rais A. Khan ed.
18. U.S. China Relations : A Study in Malik, Iftikhar H.
Imperialism “Strategic Studies”.
19. White Man’s Burden : Historical Jordan, Winthrop
Origins of Racism in the United States D.
20. Out of Our Past : The Forces That Degler, Carl N.
Shaped Modern Amercia
21. The American Constitution : Its Origins Kelly, Alfred H.
and Development.
22. Making America : The Society and Luedtke, Luther,
Culture of the United States S.
Total Marks—100
History of the U.S.A.—Facts of political history from the early settlers
to the present day. Questions will also be asked on economic and
constitutional development of the U.S.A.
Total Marks—100
Note.—Credit will be given not only for precise presentation of facts but also
for sound critical judgement.
International Law : Public International Law, Important cases decided
by the permanent court of International Justice, the International Court
of Justice and U.N.O. Law of the Sea.
2. Politics Among Nations Hans Morgenthan
3. World Politics : An Introduction James N. Rosenau
4. An Introduction to International Theodor Contobius
Politics : Power and Justice and ThomasWolfe
5. Contending Theories of Interna- Tames Dougherty
tional Relations
6. Issues in Global Politics Gavin Boyd
7. World Politics Since 1945 Peter Caluocorassi
8. International Relations : Peace Richard
or War Rosecrance
9. Relations of Nations Frederick
Title Author
1. Public International Law Brownlie
2. Territorial Waters and Maritime
Zones Act., 1976
3. U.N. Convention on Law of the Sea—
Total Marks—100
1. The modern state system—history, basic features, evolving
2. International Relations as a field of study, Basic Approaches—
Power, Balance of Power, Imperialism, Nationalism.
3. Interaction between states—diplomacy, International Law,
international economic and trade linkages—pressures in world politics.
Part —B
1. Evolution of the International System since 1815 (Congress of
Vienna) Historical Overview.
2. World War I, II, Decolonization, Rise of the Third World Alliance
System (NATO, SEATO, CENTO, WARSAWPACT) Peaceful coexistence :
Non-Aligned Movement Theories of Peace and Security in Nuclear Age
(Deterrence, Limited war, Crisis Management etc). Detente.
1. Foreign Policies of the Superpowers, major powers (USA, USSR,
China) with special reference to South Asia (India, Pakistan, etc.).
2. Issues in global Politics.
(a) Nuclear Proliferation.
(b) Superpower rivalry in the Indian Ocean.
(c) International economic order.
10. Indian Ocean and the Superpowers : Rasul Bux Rais
Economic, Political and Strategic
11. Sanctuary and War Pervaiz Iqbal
12. Contemporary Strategy : Theories J. Baylis, K.
and Policies Booth, P.
Willimas, J.
Total Marks—200
I. Humanity at the dawn of Islam
A brief survey of major world civilizations, with special emphasis on
their intellectual, humanistic and special institutions—their impact on
world history.
II. Advent of Islam
Life and teachings of the Holy Prophet.
Foundations of a new and revolutionary world order :
Institutions of Islam; Political, Social, Economic and Legal Strucutre of the
Islamic polity.
The Quran : Emphasis on the study of Nature and Research, Changes
brought by Islam in human thinking and behaviour.
III. Foundation of Muslim State
Early conquests of the Khulafa-i-Rashidin ;
Administrative and legal structure of the State.
Political and Ideological differences and the emergence of the Ummayyads;
Expansion and consolidation of the Empire.
IV. The Grandeur of Islam
Philosophical, scientific and Literary Progress of the Muslims during
the Abbasid period.
V. The Ottoman Caliphate
Turkish march towards Europe. Political structure of the Turkish
Empire, salient features of their administration, decline and disintegration.
(d) Regional Security issues and crises (Afghanistan Crises,
Iran—Iraq war, Palestine problem, Aparthied and South
Africa, Namibia, Polish crises, Eurocommunism, Central
American crises etc.)
(e) Arms Control and disarmament.
I. Islam in Africa and Spain
Title Author
1. International Politics K.J. Holsti
II. Muslim achievements in Natural and Social Sciences; Schools of
Baghadad, Spain and Iran, Muslim contribution to History, Science,
Medicine and other branches of human civilization.
III. Muslim Arts
Muslims’ contribution in architecture, music, painting, handicrafts,
pottery, calligraphy, etc.
IV. Renaissance and Reformation
Origin of this intellectual revolution ; Contribution of Muslim
Universities and Seminaries in Spain and Baghdad ;
Dissemination of Muslim learnings in the West.
V. Modern World
Impact of Islam on Western thought, social institutions and economic
Title Author
1. Discovering Islam—Making Sense Ahmad, Akbar S.
of Muslim History and Society
2. Islam : Ideology and Leading Issues Ali, Anwar.
3. The Spirit of Islam Ali, S. Ameer
4. Aspects of Islamic Civilization : The Arberry, A.J.
Muslim World Depicted Through Its
5. The Preaching of Islam—A History Arnold, T.W.
of the Muslim Faith
6. The History of Philosophy in Islam Boer, T.J.De.
7. History of the Islamic Peoples Brockelmann,
Carl (ed)
8. Spanish Islam Dozy, R.
9. Studies on the Civilization of Islam Gibb, Hamilton
10. The Religion of Islam, Vol. I & II Glawash, Ahmad
11. Classical Islam : A History 600— Grunebaum, G.E.
1258 Voni
12. Cambridge History of India Holts, P.M. and
Lewis, Bernard.
13. Islam Resurgent : The Islamic Irving, T.B.
World Today
14. Islam : From Prophet Mohammad to Lewis, Bernard
the Capture of Constantinople.
15. Islam in History. Munir,
16. Islam and The Modern World Nadawi, Abu
Hasan Ali.
17. The Making of the Past : the Rogers, Michael
Spread of Islam
18. A History of Medieval Islam Saunders, J.J.
19. Introduction to Islamic Civilization Savory, R.M. (ed)
20. The Legacy of Islam Schacht, Joseph &
Bosworth, C.E.
21. Islamic History—ANew Inter- Shaban, M.A.
pretation AD 750—1055
22. A History of Muslim Philosophy Sharif, M.M.
23. Muslim Thought : Its Origin and Mohd. Hanif
Achievements Nadvi
24. Studies in Islamic History Siddiqi, Amir
(b) Educational Function
(c) Opinion for motives
(d) Entertainment function
3. Pakistan Press, An overview of the evolution of the Muslim Press
in South Asia before 1947 and development of the Pakistan Press since
1947, its social economic aspect; Trends and Characteristics; Problems and
4. Mass Media : Components, functions and effects, Mass Media in
Pakistan : Size and dispersion; Role in national development, Prospects and
5. News. Principles and techniques of News writing. Editorial :
Definition, ingredients, Types and functions of writing of Editorials.
6. Public Relations : Definition, Purpose and scope, Ethics, PR in
Pakistan ; Duties of PRO; PR Procedures and Processes.
7. Magazine Journalism : Mag-Journalism in Pakistan. Types,
Functioning Purpose its social aspects and scope.
8. Press Release, Press Note, and Press Communication :
Definitions and Basic ingredients.Writing of Press Release, Press Note and
Press Communique.
9. Advertising : Definition, functions, types and purpose. Its social
and economic aspects, principles of successful advertising.
10. Press Laws : Press Laws in Pakistan (gradual developments) and
the ‘Right to Know’ concepts of press freedom and responsibility, Ethics of
Title Author
1. Advertising Operations and Management Beinton
2. Contemporary Public Relations Garkan Gene &
3. Communication in Power Herbert Brucver.
4. Exploring Journalism Wosley and
5. Editor and EditorialWriting A Gayle Waldrop.
6. Hand Book of Public Relations Stephenson
7. Journalism in Pakistan Dr. Abdus Slam
8. Mass Communication Wilbur Schram.
9. Newspaper Organization and Rucker
Total Marks—100
Note: Candidate will be asked to attempt total five questions
including one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at
least two questions from each Section. Short note within the question
(without choice) can also be given.
Concept and process of communication : Source, Message,
Channel, Destination, Encoding, Decoding, Noise, Feedback Oral vs
Written Communication. Two step flow of Communication. Role of
Opinion Leader.
2. Information and Journalism—Functions : Scanning the Horizon
and reporting back.
(a) News function
10. Practical Newspapers Reporting Geofrey Haris &
David Spark.
11. Process and Effects of Mass Wilbur Schram.
12. Radio & T.V. Writing Max Wylic
2. A Manual and Mercantile Law Hashmi, I.R. &
Latif Ahmed
3. Contract Act Mannan, M.A.
4. Insurance Law Farani
5. Negotiable Instruments Act Khergermvala
6. Sales of Goods and Partnership Acts Pollock and Mulla
7. Arbitration Act., 1940
1. The Islamic Law as Administered in Pakistan.
Total Marks—100
2. Principles of the Islamic Jurisprudence.
28. LAW
Total Marks—200
2. The Principles of Mohammadan Sir Abdur Rahim
Total Marks—200
Civil Procedure Code, Contract Act and Law of Torts.
The aims of the syllabus in Persian are as follows :
Qanun-e-Shahadat, 1984. Code of Criminal Procedure and Penal Code.
Title Author
1. Criminal Procedure Code Shaukat Mahmud
2. Law of Torts Choudhry, A.M.
3. Pakistan Penal Code Shaukat Mahmud
4. Qanun-e-Shahadat 1984
5. The Law of Contract Dr. M.A. Mannan
6. The Civil Procedure Code Aamir Raza
(i) To acquaint the students with classical and modern Persian.
(ii) To familiarise them with such selection of Persian texts including
those from Iqbal, which have a value in practical life.
1. (a) Origin and development of the language.
Outline : (i) Elementary information about; Avesta, Old Persian and
Pahlavi languages.
(ii) The advent of Persian prose and poetry in the present
script in the Islamic era.
(iii) The earlier Persian prose writers and poets upto 4th
century H/10th century A.C.
(b) Significant features of the grammer of the language.
Total Marks—100
Mercantile Law.—The main principles of law relating to Agreements:
Contracts ; Bailment; Pledge; Sale of Goods Act; Agency; Partnership Act;
Indemnity and Guarantee, Negotiable Instruments Act; Companies
Ordinance, 1984. Contract Act, Life, Fire and Marine Insurances, Law of
Title Author
1. A Hand-Book of Company Law Choudhry, A.M.
Outline : (i) Grammer :
The three tenses, imperative modd (Affirmative and
Negative) and muzara for present and future tenses.
(ii) Translation of simple English passage into Persian.
2. Literary History and literary criticism—Literary movements,
classical background, Socio-Cultural Influences and modern trends: Origin
and development of modern literary genres.
Emphasis : (i) The literary history should include the development of
Persian language and literature, besides Iran, in
Afghanistan, the Indo-Pakistan Sub-Continent and the
Persian speaking areas of the Former USSR.
(ii) In classical background, the four styles known as
Khurasani, Iraqi, Hindi and Revivalist may be studied.
(iii) In the literary movements the revivalist and purist
movements, and in the modern trends, the adaptation of
Western loan words in Persian language needs to be
3. Short essay in Persian —————————
The paper will require first—hand reading of the texts prescribed and
D will be designed to test the candidate’s critical ability.
(a) Texts
1. Farrukhi Seestani.
(Qasida on the conquest of Soomnath)
Candidates will be expected to show some familiarity with the
original sources.
2. Unsar-ul-Maali Qabus (Qabus Nama).
Last Chapter 44
Title Author
1. Principles of Mohammadan Law Mulla, D.F.
3. Rumi Masnavi. Daftar 1
(1st half upto
4. Saadi Gulistan. Chapter 7 & 8.
5. Hafiz
Diwan upto radif Re
15. Reconstruction of Religious Iqbal, M.
Thought in Islam
16. Types and Problems of Philosophy Mead, H.
6. Iqbal
(a) Asrar-i-Khudi upto Marhilah-e-Siwum Niabat-e-Ilahi.
(b) Javid Nama (Last Chapter)
Address to Javid (Dialogue with the new generation).
Title Author
1. Iranian Revolution Dr. Wahiduz-
Zaman Qureshi,
2. Modern Trends in the Persian Dr. A. Shakoor
Language. Ahsan,
2. Muslim Rationalists and Social Thinkers—Al-Farabi, Ibn-i-Sina,
Ibn-i-Rushd, and Ibn-i-Khaldun: their main doctrines.
3. Schools of Muslim Theology—Mutazilism, Ash’ arism, Sufism,
Al-Ghazali (his Ethics and Criticism of Muslim Rationalists).
4. Muslim thought in South Asia with special reference to ShahWali
Ullah, Sayyid Ahmad Khan and Iqbal, and Post-Iqbalian Thought.
Title Author
1. A Modern Introduction to Metaphysics Drenon D.A.
2. A History of Philosophical Systems Firm, Vergilius
3. Aqliyyat-e-Ibn-e-Taimya (Urdu) Maulana
Muhammad Hanif
4. A Modern Introduction to Logic Stebbing, L.S.
5. Critical Thinking Blank, Max
6. History of Muslim Philosophy Sharif, M.M.
Vols. I, II.
7. History of Modern Philosophy Wright, W.K.
8. Human Knowledge, Its Scope Russell, B.
and Limits
9. History of Islamic Philosophy Fakhri, Majid.
10. Introduction to Philosophy Patrick G.T.W.
11. Iqbal and Post-Kantian Voluntarism Dar, B.A.
12. Introduction to Logic Copi, I.M.
13. Logical Postivism Qadir, C.A.
14. Philosophical Analysis Urmson, J.O.
Total Marks—200
17. Types of Philosophy Mocking, W.E.
Total Marks—200
1. Formal and informal arguments; Elements of deductive
reasoning; validity and truth; Proposition and syllogism.
2. Definition with special reference to Aristotle, Ibn-e-Taimya’s
Criticism of Aristotle; Relativity of definition; Ambiguity; vagueness and
emotive use of language as impediments in clear thinking; Fallacies—
formal, material and linguistic.
3. Symbolic Logic: value of special symbols, symbols for
conjunction, Negation, Disjunction and Implication. Method of Deduction
: Formal proofs of validity, Rules of Replacement.
4. The nature of scientific theory; Scientific method; Inquiry at
common sense level and scientific level; Scientific explanation; The
grounds of belief; induction, probability and functional analysis.
5. Muslim contribution to Logic—inductive and deductive.
1. Idealism, Pragmatism, Vitalism, Logical Positivism,
Existentialism and Dialectical Materialism: The main arguments of these
Philosophical theories and their impact on life and morals.
Vectors—Dots, Cross and triple products, Gradient, divergence and
Newtonian laws of motion; conservation law of energy; conservation
of linear and angular momentum; Dynamics of rigid body; spin and
precession; gyroscope; Gravitation; planetary motion including satellite.
Special theory of relativity. Mischelson—Morely experiment and
Einstein’s postulates; Lorentz transformation; time dilation and length
contraction; equivalence of mass and energy.
Fluid Mechanics
Surface tension; Viscosity; Elasticity; fluid motion and Bernoullie’s
Waves and Oscillation
Free oscillation with one and two degrees of freedom; forced and
damped oscillations and phenomenon of resonance. Travelling waves and
transmission of energy; Phase and Group velocity; standing waves.
1. History of Muslim Philosophy M. M. Sharif
2. Constitutional Development in Pakistan G.W. Choudhry
3. Comparative Politics : AWorld View Almond & Powell
4. Contemporary Political Analysis Garles Worth
5. Govt. and Parliament : A Survey from Herbert Morrison
the inside
Reflection, Refraction, Interference, Diffraction and Polarization of
waves; interfero-meter and Newton’s rings; Diffraction Gratings and their
resolving power; spectro-meters. Electromagnetic wave equation; normal
and anamolous dispersion; coherence, laser and its application.
Heat and Thermodynamics
Perfect gas and Van der Waals equation; Three Laws of
Thermodynamics, Thermal properties of Simple system production and
measurement of low temperatures; kinetic theory of gases; Maxwellian
distribution of molecular velocities; Brownian motion; Transport
1. Political Theory
Total Marks—200
phenomena. Classical Maxwell-Boltzmann Statistics and its application;
Quantum Bose—Einstein and Fermi—Dirac Statistics.
(i) Western Political Thought
Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke,
Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Marx, Lenin, Mao
Electricity and Magnetism
(ii) Muslim Political Thought
Al-Farabi, Al-Mawardi, Nizam-ul-Mulik Tusi, Al-Ghazali,
Ibn-i-Khaldun, Iqbal
Electric field due to point charges, Gauss’ law Electric potential and
poisson and Laplace’s equation Dielectric medium and Polarization;
Capacitance; Moving charges and magnetic field Ampere’s law; Vector
potential; Magnetic properties of matter; Transient current; Faraday’s law
of electromagnetic induction; Alternating current and LRO circuit.
Maxwell’s equations; Poynting theorem and Poynting Vector.
Thermionic emission; Space charge; Diode. Triode Tetrode; Pentode
and their static and dynamic characteristics; Amplitude modulation and
demodulation or detection. Various basic circuits for rectification,
amplification modulation and detection connected with radio receivers and
transmission; n and p type semiconductors; Biased function; Transistors;
Common base and common emitter configurations.
Atomic Physics
Bohr theory and quantum numbers including electron spin; Pauli’s
exclusion principle; Spectra of simple systems with one or two valence
electrons. Photo electric effect Compton scattering; pair production;
Lande’s g factor and Zeeman effect. Raman effect;Waves and particles and
De Broglie’s Hypothesis; Shrodinger wave equation and its application to
one dimensional harmic oscillator. Heisen berg’s uncertainly principle.
2. The nature and emergence of Modern state system, Islamic
concept of state.
3. Political concepts, Sovereignty, Law, Liberty, Equality, Rights
and Duties.
4. Political Dynamics : Public Opinion, Propaganda, Political
Parties, Pressure Groups.
5. Political Institutions : Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, Political
Elites, Civil and Military Bureaucracy.
6. Forms of Government : Monarchy, Democracy, Dictatorship,
Unitary and Federal, Presidential and Parliamentary.
7. Totalitarianism : Fascism, Communism.
8. Local Self-govenrment : Theory and Practice with special
reference to Pakistan.
Nuclear Physics
Structure of Nuclei; Radioactivity , , and decay. Methods of
detection, Mass Sepectrometer. Accelerators. Phenomenon of fission;
reactor and nuclear power, nuclear fusion and its application, Elementary
particles and their properties.
Title Author
1. Perspectives of Modern Physics. A. Beiser.
2. Fundamentals of Physics. Halliday &
3. Introduction to Electromagnetic D. Corson &
Fields and Waves. P. Lorrain.
4. Engineering Electronics. J. D. Ryder.
5. Semiconductor Electronics. J. F. Gibbons.
6. Physics Course. Barkeley.
7. Heat and Thermodynamics. W. Zemanasky
8. Nuclear Physics. W. E. Burcham.
9. Nuclear Physics. Kaplan.
1. Selected Political Systems : Nature and dynamics of major political
institutions in U.S.A., U.K., France and Former Soviet Union.
2. Political Systems of developing countries : Turkey, Iran, India and
3. Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia with special reference
to the role of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Iqbal and Quaid-i-Azam
Mohammad Ali Jinnah.
4. A comparative and critical analysis of the 1956, 1962, 1973 and
1985 Constitutions of Pakistan.
Title Author
9. Political Thought in Medieval Islam Rosenthal
10. Modern Islamic State Rosenthal
11. Political Thought in perspective William Edenstein
12. Patterns of Governments Samuel H. Beer
Adem B. Ullam
13. Pakistan A Political Study Keith Callard
14. Politics, Parties and Pressure Groups V.O. Key Jr.
15. Modern Political Systems : Asia Roy, C. Macradis
16. Politics in Pakistan : Nature and Khalid Bin
Direction of Change Sayeed
17. Reflection on Government Earnest Barker
18. South-East Asia Political System Lucian W. Pye
19. The Political System of Pakistan Khalid B. Sayeed
20. Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi, Published by Rizvi S. Rizwan
Mohammad Ashraf, Lahore, 1978 Ali
6. Govt. and Politics in Pakistan Mushtaq Ahmed
7. History of Political Theory George H. Sabine
8. History of Political Theories William A.
(Three Volumes) Dunning
1. Meaning, phases and characteristics of Growth, development and
Maturation, Methods of developmental psychology, Biological and sociocultural
factors, Importance of Developmental psychology, Broad
approaches to the study of children.
2. Pre-natal development and infancy : Genetic Factors, Hereditary
transmission and chromosomal abnormality, Stages, Developmental irregularities,
Psychological and physical characteristics of the infant, Methods of
studying infant behaviour.
3. Physical, motor and sensory development. Perceptual
development. Intellectual development : Development of logical thought in
early childhood, Development of concepts, Creativity. Emotional
Development : patterns, characteristics, Some common emotional patterns.
4. Concept of abnormality : popular and scientific, Goals of Clinical
Diagnosis, Personality Assessments, Behavioural Assessment, Nature of
Clinical Judgement, Sources of information in clinical diagnosis,
Assessments of organisations, institutions and environment, Professional
issues, The nature of professional preparation for clinical psychological
work, ethical standards and legal issues.
5. Therapies : Somatic therapies, environmental therapies,
psychoanalytic, phenomenological, existential, Gestalt, rational—emotive
and cognitive Therapies, Behaviour therapy and behaviour modification,
Group therapies.
6. Intelligence : Its nature and assessment, Mental retardation.
7. Biological and sociological factors in maladjustments and crime,
Juvenile delinquency, drug addiction, alcoholic and sex offences—
characteristics, causation and treatment.
Total Marks—200
8. Psychoneurotic disorders, Psychosis, Character disorders,
Psychosomatic disorders.
9. Industry : Nature of the work situations; work, vocation,
personality and society, Working environment,Works methods and modern
approaches, Work efficiency, Group dynamics, Work incentives, Job
1. Definition and scope of Psychology, Psychology as a science of
behaviour, Schools and Systems of Psychology, Recent trends in
2. Nervous System : Structure and functions of cells, Central and
Peripheral Nervous System, Endocrine system.
3. Learning : Conditioning—classical and operant, Reinforcement,
Avoidance conditioning, Extinction, Discrimination learning, imprinting,
Theories of learning, Verbal learning, Probability learning, Concept
learning, Perceptual learning, Transfer and interference, Motivational
factors in learning, Readiness and individual differences in learning.
4. Nature of motives and emotions : Homeostasis, Biogenic and
social motives, Measurement of human motivation, Theories of
motivation—Maslow, Lewin and Freud, Theories of emotion, Role of
endocrine glands, frustration and conflict.
5. Nature of perceptual organization : Perception of distance,
Movement, Space, Depth, colour, Perceptual constancy, Effect of learning
and motivation on perception, Senses viz. vision, hearing and other senses.
Perception and sensation, Determinations of perception (Needs, attitudes,
sets, values, personality traits, emotional states, suggestions, etc.).
6. Nature and determinants of personality : Factors in development
of personality. Theories of personality, trait and types, Freudain, Neo-
Freudain, Murry, Allport, Cattel. Types of personality tests and their
7. Socialization : Society and personality, Formation of opinions and
attitudes, Prejudice.
8. Structure and Functions of Group, Role status relations, Group
norms, Group solidarity, Intergroup tension, International tension.
Title Author
1. An Introduction of Psychology Wikon & Wargment
2. Child and Adult Psychology Medinnus, G.
Rand, V. C.
3. Historical Introduction to Modern Murphy, G. &
Psychology Koraclr, J.K.
4. History and System of Psychology Sahakiam, W.S.
5. Historical Roots of contemporary Wolman, B.B.
6. Psychology Around the World Mistak, H. &
7. Psychological Testing Anastasi, A.
8. Psychotherapy and Counselling Sauakian
9. Physiological Psychology Gronmen, S.P.
10. Reading in Abnormal Psychology Allmon, Jaffe
11. Systems and Theories in Psychology Menor, M.H.D.
Hill in, W.O.
12. Social Psychology Berkowitz, Z.
13. Studies in Cross cultural Psychology Warron, N.
Total Marks—100
1. Public Administration.—Its nature and scope, the role of Public
Administration in a modern Welfare State.
2. Major Schools of thought in Administration.—Scientific
Management Movement, Human Relationists; Behavioural School;
Systemic theory.
3. Bureaucracy.—Concept of Bureaucracy, Theories of
Bureaucracy, Ecology of Bureaucracy; Bureaucracy of Pakistan as a
Change Agent.
4. Administrative Leadership.—Approaches to the study of
Leadership, Forms of Leadership, Leadership qualities.
5. Administrative Accountability.—Internal and External Controls;
Executive Control, Legislative Control, Judicial Control, Ombudsman,
Public Opinion and Pressure Groups; Problems of Administrative
Accountability in Pakistan.
6. Planning.—Types of Plans, Planning Process; Principles of
Planning, Planning Machinery; the system of planning and programming in
Pakistan, Planning Machinery in Pakistan.
7. Organization.—Types of Organization, Theories of Organization,
Principle of Organization, The Organization of Federal and Provincial
Governments in Pakistan, Public Corporations in Pakistan.
8. Personnel Administration.—Nature and scope of Personnel
Administration; Personnel Functions, Tools of Personnel Management,
Salient Features of the system of Public Personnel Management in
9. Controlling and Co-Ordination.—Forms of Controls, Control
Mechanism, the process of Control, Principles of Controlling; Principles of
Coordination; Machinery for Coordination; Problems of Coordination in
Public Administration in Pakistan.
10. Communication.—Types of Communication, Communication
Channels, Communication Process, Principles of Communication.
11. Financial Administration.—Elements of Financial
Administration, Performance and Programmed Budgeting, Capital Budget,
Principles of Budgeting, Auditing and Accounting.
Title Author
10. Public Administration Theory and Fesler, James W.
11. Pakistan in Search of Democracy, Yusuf, Hamid.
12. Pakistan The Enigma of Political Ziring, Lawrence
13. Research on the Bureaucracy of Braibanti, Raplh
14. The Human Side of Enterprize. Douglas Mc
15. The Bureaucracy of Pakistan Charles F.
1. A Handbook of Public Relations. United Nations.
2. An Introduction to the Public E.N. Cladden
3. Administrative Behaviour Herbet, A Simon.
4. Bureaucracy : Modern Society Pebr, M. Blau.
5. Human Relations Administration Robert Dubir.
6. Introduction to the Study of Public L.D. White
7. Public Administration Simon, Smithuburg
& Thompson.
8. Public Administration Pfiffner and
9. Public Administration for a Welfare Paul Abbleby
9. Mathematical Methods Yusuf, S.M.
10. Mathematical Analysis Apostal, T.M.
Total Marks—200
5. Calculus with Analytic Geometry Yusuf, S.M.
6. Differential Geometry of Three Weatherburn, C.E.
7. Elements of Complex Analysis Pennisi, L.L.
Candidates will be asked to attempt three questions from Section A
and two questions from section B.
8. Theory of Groups Majeed, A.
Modern Algebra
Groups, subgroups, Lagranges, theorem, cyclic groups, normal
subgroups, quotient groups. Fundamental theorem of homomorphism.
Isomorphism theorems of groups, Inner automorphisms.
Conjugate elements, conjugate subgroups. Commutator subgroups.
Rings, Subrings, Integral domains, Quotient fields, Isomorphism
theorems, Field extension and finite fields.
Vector spaces, Linear independence, Bases, Dimension of a finitely
generated space. linear transformations, Matrices and their algebra.
Reduction of matrices to their echelon form. Rank and nullity of a linear
Solution of a system of homogeneous and non-homogeneous linear
equations. Properties of determinants. Cayley-Hamilton theorem,
Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Reduction to canonical forms, specially
Conic sections in Cartesian coordinates, Plane polar coordinates and
their use to represent the straight line and conic sections. Cartesian and
spherical polar coordinates in three dimensions. The plane, the sphere, the
ellipsoid, the paraboloid and the hyperboloid in Cartesian and spherical
polar coordinates.
Vector equations for Plane and for space-curves. The arc length. The
osculating plane. The tangent, normal and binormal. Curvature and torsion.
Serre-Frenet’s formulae. Vector equations for surfaces. The first and second
fundamental forms. Normal, principal, Gaussian and mean curvatures.
Candidates will be asked to attempt any three questions from Section
A and two questions from Section B.
11. Principles of Mathematical Analysis Rudin, W.
12. The Theory of Groups Macdonald, I.N.
13. Topics in Algebra Herstein, I.N.
Total Marks—100
1. Essay on prominent works
personalities and writers.
2. Translation of unseen passages
from Pushto into English or Urdu.
3. Translation of unseen passages of
English or Urdu into Pushto.
4. General Questions on evolution and
criticism of Pushto Prose and Poetry.
5. Folk Literature Introduction of Tappa,
Charbaita, Lobha, Neemakai, Sandara
and Badala (including folk stories).
Title Author
1. Foreign Approach to Khushal Khan Dost Muhammad
Khattak. Kamil.
2. Pushto Poetry Major Roverty.
3. Selected Poems of Khushal Khan Major Roverty.
4. The Pathans Sir Olaf Careo.
Calculus and Real Analysis
Real Numbers. Limits. Continuity. Differentiability. Indefinite
integration. Mean value theorems. Taylor’s theorem. Indeterminate forms.
Asymptotes. Curve tracing. Definite integrals. Functions of several
variables. Partial derivatives. Maxima and minima. Jacobians. Double and
triple integration (techniques only). Applications of Beta and Gamma
functions. Areas and Volumes. Riemann-Stieltje’s integral. Improper
integrals and their conditions of existences. Implicit function theorem.
Absolute and conditional convergence of series of real terms.
Rearrangement of series, Uniform convergence of series.
Metric spaces. Open and closed spheres. Closure, Interior and
Exterior of a set.
Sequences in metric space. Cauchy sequence convergence of
sequences. Examples. Complete metric spaces. Continuity in metric spaces.
Properties of continuous functions.
SECTION B 40. SINDHI Complex Analysis
Function of a complex variable; Demoiver’s theorem and its
applications. Analytic functions, Cauchy’s theorem. Cauchy’s integral
formula, Taylor’s and Laurent’s series. Singularities. Cauchy residue
theorem and contour integration. Fourier series and Fourier transforms.
Analytic continuation.
Title Author
1. Advance Calculus Kaplan, W.
2. Analytic Function Theory Vol. I Hille, E.
3. An Introduction to Differential Wilmore, T.S.
4. Complex Analysis Goodstein, G.R.G.
1. Introduction to the Theory of Mood, Graybill
Statistics. and Boes.
2. Mathematical Statistics. Freund.
3. Mathematical Statistics. Hood and Craig.
4. Sampling Techniques (3e) Cochran and Cox.
Total Marks—100
4. Contemporary Sociological Theories Pitrim Sorokin
5. Family in Asia Man Singh Das &
Pahos D. Bardis
6. Ibn-i-Khaldun : His Life and Work M. Abdullah Enan
7. Master of Sociological Thought Lewis A. Coser
8. Pakistani Society M. Iqbal
9. Sociology Ogburn &
10. Strategies of Social Research Smith, H.W.
1. Individual, Culture and Society : Individual as a social product,
The variety of social forms, Methods of socialization, Ethnocentricism,
Norms and Values, Cultural Patterns, Varieties of sub-cultures.
2. Sociological Theory : The sociological perspectives—
Evolutionary, order and conflict, Evolutionary Theorists : Ibn-i-Khaldun
Spencer and Tannis, Order Theorists: August Comte, Emile Durkheim,
Max Weber, Conflict Theorists : George Hegel, Karl Marx, Lewis Coser,
3. Methods of Sociological Research : Research Design, Surveys,
Participant Observation, Experiments, Case Studies.
4. Social Interaction : Significance of social classes, Forms of social
classes—Tribes, Biradaris, Castes, Classes and Feudal system in Pakistan,
Social Mobility—nature of social mobility, Mobility determinants in
Pakistan society, Social immobility, Culture in poverty.
5. Social Control : Mechanisms of social control—internal and
external means of social control, Alienation, Integration—integrative
patterns in Pakistani Society.
6. Social and Cultural Change and Social Policy : Processes of
Social and Cultural Change—discovery, invention, diffusion, Factors in the
rate of social and culture change, Incentives and inhibitions to social and
cultural change in Pakistan Social planning and directed social and cultural
7. Community : The rural community, Traditional Characteristics of
rural life, The urban community, Rural—Urban convergence, Urbanism,
Future of cities in Pakistan.
8. Social Institutions : The nature and genesis of institutions, the
process of institutions, Functions and Trade of Social Institutions. Family,
Religion, Educational, Economic and Political Institutions.
9. Social Problems in Pakistan : Population Growth, Demographic
Transition : Deviant Behaviour, Institutionalised evasions, social conflicts,
internal and international Migration, Aging, Drug abuse, Prostitution,
Smuggling, Illitracy and Poverty.
Title Author
11. Sociology : Roles & Relationships Everett K. Wilson
12. Social Problems Jon. M. Shepard
& Voss
13. Social Change and History Robert Nisbet
14. Feudal System in Pakistan Nawab Haider
15. The Sociology of Rural Life Lynn Smith, T.
16. The Sociology of Social Problems Horton & Leslie
17. The Sociology of Religion Max Weber
Total Marks—100
1. Basic Probability : Axiomatic definition of probability, random
variable, distribution function, probability density function, mathematical
expectation; conditional probability, jointly distributed random variables,
marginal and conditional distributions, conditional expectation, stochastic
2. Some Special Distributions : Binomial, poisson, negative binomial,
hypergeometric, normal distributions with their derivation of their mean
and variance; Definition and Application of chisquare, ‘T’ and ‘F’
3. Statistical Inference: Maximum likelihood estimation of the mean
and the variance of a normal population; confidence interval for mean,
difference of means and for variance; testing hypothesis for the equality of
two means (paired and unpaired observations); testing of equality of several
means (ANOVA) and testing of variance and equality of two variance.
4. Correlation and regression : Simple linear regression model, point
and interval estimation of parameters, Simple, Partial, Multiple Correlation
and testing of these correlations.
5. Sampling, Simple random, stratified, systematic and cluster
sampling, estimates of mean and total and their precision.
6. Applications of Statistics in social, economic and political
problems public health, crimes, Law, social innovations, economic
development, socio-political inequality.
Title Author
1. Anthropology : The Study of Man Adamson Hoebel,
2. Pakistani Society Akbar Ahmad, S.
3. Contemporary Social Problems Robert K. Merton
5. Statistics : An Introductory Analysis. Yamane
6. Statistics : A Guide to the Un-known. Tanur, Hudith (ed)
43. URDU
Total Marks—200
The candidates will be required to attempt five questions—three from
Part—A and two from Part—B.
General organization (general morphology, mode of life, adaptations,
life cycles and economic importance) of the following groups with special
reference to the topics mentioned in each group :—
Protozoa : Parasitism, conjugation and autogamy, medical
Porifera : Canal system, skeletal structures and their taxonomic
value, position of porifera in the Animal Kingdom.
Coelenterata : Polymorphism ; measenteries ; corals and coral
Platyhelminthes : Parastic adaptations, medical importance.
Nematoda : Medical importance.
Annelida : Coelom, metamerism.
Mollusca : Shell, modifications of foot, feeding, respiration, shell
Arthropoda : Appendages, feeding; respiration, larvae.
Echinodermata : Skeleton, water vascular system, larvae.
Origin; comparative account of skeleton, circulatory, excretory and
nervous systems, development (egg types, cleavage, blastula and gastrula,
germ layer/formation, embryonic membranes and placentation) natural
history (mode of life, migration, adaptations, biting mechanism of snakes).
Ecology : Concept of ecosystem, biogeochemical cycles, animal
adaptations to major habitats, environmental pollution and its effect on life.
The candidates will be required to attempt at least one question from
each part.
Cell Biology : Morphology, Chemical composition and functions of
nucleus, nuclear inclusions and cytoplasmic organelles, protein synthesis
and molecular genetics, mechanism of mitosis and meiosis.
General Physiology : Respiration, respiratory mechanism, respiratory
pigments, transport of oxygen and carbon dioxide, circulation :
haemodynamics, control of cardio vascular system, nutrition : modes of
nutrition, digestion and assimilation of food stuff, Excretion : nature and
sources of substances excreted, modes of excretions, Nervous system,
nerve impulses, Hormones and their biological action.
Genetics : Mendelian principles, multiple alleles, interaction of genes;
linkage and crossing over, mapping of genes, sex determination and sex
linkage, mutations, chromosomal aberrations, gene concept.
Evolution : Origin of life, organic diversity, theories to account for
organic diversity, Phylogeny and ontogeny, species concept, mechanism of
evolution, modern concept of natural selection, evolutionary trends.
Title Author
1. A Text Book of Zoology (Invertebrate) Parker and
2. Comparative Anatomy of the Vertebrates George C. Kent
3. Invertebrate Zoology Hegner and
4. Cell Structure and Function Loewy and
(Modern Biology Series) Siekevitz
5. Cell and Molecular Biology De-Robbertis,
(Eighth Edition) E.O.D., & De-
Robertis, EMF.
6. Fundamentals of Ecology Odum
7. Principles of Genetics Strickberger
8. Introduction to Evolution Moody
9. Modern Genetics Ayala, F.J. and
Kiger, J.A. Jr.
10. Text Book of Medical Physiology Guyton, W.B.
11. Molecular Biology of Gene Watson, J.D.