Iformations About War Of Independence 1857
War of Independence 1857
War of Independence 1857, was the last event fought and served by Indian
Muslims and Hindus together. After it both the nations started thinking on separate
lines due to defeat in this war.
Hence if the had gained victory in it they might started lliving together again. But
the history has to take a new turn.
War of Independence 1857:
The main causes of War of Independence may be enumerated as follows:
1) British came in India with the purpose of trade by setting up East India Company
with the permission of Mughal King Jahangir, in 1719, Farkh Sair gave this
company tax-less trade facilities in subcontinent which srengthened its position. But
this company soon started bringing different states of India against each other by
assuring them the future kingship of India. Many states went on against each other
and fought against each other by thinking that East India Company would help
them which it didn’t. in this way East India Company captured many states of India.
But this whole process of East India Company wasn’t comprised on few years but
decades of planning’s. So much so that in the end India didn’t remain under the
control of one Mughal King but many states had declared themselves independent
with the back of East India Company. But East India Company never remained
faithful to any of them.
2) The attacks of Nadir Shah (Afghan Emperor) in 1739 on Delhi, the capital of
India in Mughal Period had weakened the entire structure of the Indian
Government. And making use of these attacks many Governors of the states
declared themselves indpendent. In this way several states under Mughal control
came into being in India besides the presence of Mughal Government. British
played an important role in bringing these states against each other. They with the
help of minister Mir Jafar of Bengal defeated Siraj-ud-Daula in Plassi and captured
Bengal. They defeated Tipu Sultan with the help of Marhattas and captured the
territory of Maysore. They brought Sikhs in Punjab to weaken the Mughal Empire
and after that they threw away both the Sikh’s and Mughall’s government.
These events were enough to bring against British the locals, who had been facing
the tyrannies of British in different states.
The War of Independence started from Meerut on 11th May, 1857. Infantry and
mounted soldiers started from Meerut, they killed the British officiers and burnt the
barracks and reached Delhi.
The background to this was that on 29th Mar. A Hindu Brahman soldier, Mangal
Pandey fired on English Seargent, who fired back on Mangal Pandey. When another
English soldier tried to help his partner, the local soldiers threatend him and asked
him to get back. When Col. Herasi came with soldiers to control the stuation,
Mangal Pandey was arrested and was sentenced to death by military court. He was
hanged on 18th April.
The soldiers of Meerut came in anger when it was tried to train them on new guns
which were used or fired after removing a type of fat being obtained from pig and
cow. This was unacceptable to both Hindus and Muslims as it damged their religious
Freedom fighters from all parts of the subcontinent also joined in at Delhi. The
Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah Zafar (a renowned poet also) was compelled to
lead the freedom fighters. The freedom fighters proclaimed that he was the
Emperor of whole of India.
A grand procession was taken out and civilian and ministries and other dignitaries
took the oath of allegiance to the Emperor and vowed to give their lives for the
cause of freedom.
The Emperor issued his own coins and issued his sons to key posts. But his sons
were not much capable about military tactics. Besides, the Emperor’s own courtiers
were in collusion with the British and conveyed every news to them.
General Bakht Khan came from Rohelkhand with 14,000 troops and joined the army
and most of the command of the freedom fighters remained under his control. He
was a very brave, wise, capable, loyal and military planner. He with his tactics
inflicted many losses to British. But mutiny of courtiers was enough to corrupt all